Review of Indo-Pacific dwarf lionfishes (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) in the Dendrochirus brachypterus complex, with description of a new species from the western Indian Ocean

  • Mizuki Matsunuma
  • Hiroyuki Motomura
  • Sergey V. Bogorodsky
Monograph

Abstract

A taxonomic review of the Dendrochirus brachypterus complex resulted in the recognition of five species, including Dendrochirus barberi (Steindachner 1900), Dendrochirus bellus (Jordan and Hubbs 1925), Dendrochirus brachypterus (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829), Dendrochirus hemprichi sp. nov. and Dendrochirus tuamotuensis Matsunuma and Motomura 2013. The complex is defined as having usually 9 dorsal-fin soft rays, usually 5 anal-fin soft rays, 17–20 (rarely 20) pectoral-fin rays, no ocellated spots on the soft-rayed portion of the dorsal fin and usually 2 (sometimes none) barbels on the snout tip. Dendrochirus barberi, known from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll, is characterized by usually 18 pectoral-fin rays, a relatively high number of scale rows in the longitudinal series (modally 51 vs. 39–49 in other species) and mottled markings on the pectoral fin in large specimens. Dendrochirus bellus, restricted to the northwestern Pacific Ocean from the South China Sea north to southern Japan, is characterized by usually 17 pectoral-fin rays, a relatively low number of scale rows in the longitudinal series (modally 38 vs. 44–51 in other species), and the absence of skin flaps on the orbit surface and uppermost preopercular spine base. Dendrochirus tuamotuensis, recorded only from the Tuamotu Archipelago, is characterized by 19 pectoral-fin rays, the posterior margin of the pectoral fin strongly notched, and a relatively shallow and narrow head and body. Dendrochirus hemprichi sp. nov. is distributed in the western Indian Ocean, including the Red Sea. Although previously confused with a closely related congener (D. brachypterus, known from the northern and eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific), D. hemprichi can be distinguished from the former by having fewer scale rows between the last dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line, and between the sixth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line [4–7 (5) in D. hemprichi vs. 5–7 (6) in D. brachypterus, in both cases], a slightly greater interorbital width at the mid-orbit [5.5–10.7 (mean 7.8) % SL vs. 4.5–8.9 (6.8) % of SL] and at preocular spine base [4.4–9.1 (6.6) % SL vs. 3.5–7.8 (5.7) % of SL], and slightly shorter posteriormost (usually 13th) dorsal-fin spine length [11.8–19.9 (15.3) % SL vs. 13.3–21.3 (17.2) % of SL]. Moreover, D. hemprichi tends to have relatively more spinous points on the head spines and ridges, compared with D. brachypterus. Notwithstanding the morphological similarity between the two species, an obvious genetic difference was observed between D. hemprichi and D. brachypterus. Dendrochirus chloreus Jenkins 1903 and Dendrochirus hudsoni Jordan and Evermann 1903 were synonymized under Pterois barberi, as in some previous studies. Scorpaena koenigii Bloch 1789 was regarded as conspecific with D. brachypterus, which it predated. However, the former name should be suppressed under Reversal of Precedence.

Keywords

Taxonomy Synonyms Morphology Distribution Scorpaena koenigii 

References

  1. Akihito, Iwata A, Kobayashi T, Ikeo K, Imanishi T, Ono H, Umehara Y, Hamamatsu C, Sugiyama K, Ikeda Y, Sakamoto K, Fumihito A, Ohno S, Gojobori T (2000) Evolutionary aspects of gobioid fishes based upon a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b genes. Gene 259:5–15Google Scholar
  2. Allen GR (1997) Marine fishes of tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum, PerthGoogle Scholar
  3. Allen GR, Adrim M (2003) Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool Stud 42:1–72Google Scholar
  4. Allen GR, Cross NJ, Hoese DF (2006) Scorpaenidae. Lionfishes, rockfishes, scorpionfishes, stingfishes, stonefishes, waspfishes. In: Hoese DF, Bray DJ, Paxton JR, Allen GR (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol 35, parts 1–3: fishes. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, pp 876–892Google Scholar
  5. Allen GR, Erdmann MV (2012) Reef fishes of the East Indies. Vols. I–III. Tropical Reef Research, PerthGoogle Scholar
  6. Allen GR, Steene RC (1987) Reef fishes of the Indian Ocean. A pictorial guide to the common reef fishes of the Indian Ocean. TFH Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  7. Allen GR, Steene RC, Humann P, DeLoach N (2003) Reef fish identification. Tropical Pacific. New World Publications, JacksonvilleGoogle Scholar
  8. Allen GR, Swainston R (1988) The marine fishes of north-western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, PerthGoogle Scholar
  9. Al-Zibdah M, Khalaf M, Odat N (2006) The fishery status in Jordan’s Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Dirasat 33:127–142Google Scholar
  10. Amaoka K (1984) Dendrochirus bellus. In: Masuda H, Amaoka K, Araga C, Uyeno T, Yoshino T (eds) The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, p 302, pl 282-GGoogle Scholar
  11. Barnard KH (1927) A monograph of the marine fishes of South Africa. Part II. (Teleostei-Discocephali to end. Appendix.). Ann S Afr Mus 21:419–1065, pls 18–37Google Scholar
  12. Beaufort LFde, Briggs JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Vol 11. EJ Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  13. Ben-Tuvia A, Steinitz H (1952) Report on a collection of fishes from Eylat (Gulf of Aqaba). Bull Sea Fish Res Stn, Israel 2:1–12Google Scholar
  14. Berkström C, Gullström M, Lindborg R, Mwandya AW, Yahya SAS, Kautsky N, Nyström M (2012) Exploring ‘knowns’ and ‘unknowns’ in tropical seascape connectivity with insights from East African coral reefs. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 107:1–21Google Scholar
  15. Bhattacharyya PK (1982) Beginning of modern botany in India by Dutch in 16th–18th century (basic features and characteristics). Indian J Hist Sci 17:365–376Google Scholar
  16. Blanc M, Hureau J-C (1968) Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle. (Poissons a joues cuirassées). Publ Diverses Mus Natl Hist Nat (23):1–71Google Scholar
  17. Bleeker P (1859) Enumeratio specierum piscium hucusque in Archipelago Indico. Observatarum, adjectis habitationibus citationi- busque, ubi descriptiones earum recentiores reperiuntur, nec non speciebus Musei Bleekeriani Bengalensibus, Japonicis, Capensibus, Tasmanicisque. Acta Soc Sci Indo-Neerl 6(art 3):i–xxxvi + 1–276Google Scholar
  18. Bleeker P (1875–1878) Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises, publié sous les auspices du Gouvernement colonial néêrlandais. Tome IX. Percoïdes III. Fréderic Muller et Co, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  19. Bleeker P (1876) Mémoire sur les espéces insulindiennes de la famille des scorpénoïdes. Versl Akad Amsterdam 16:1–100, pls 1–5Google Scholar
  20. Bloch ME (1789) Tvä utlaendska fiskar. K Vet Akad Hand, Stockholm 10:234–236Google Scholar
  21. Bock KR (1996) Checklist of reef fishes of Diani and Galu, Kenya. J East Afr Nat Hist 85:5–21Google Scholar
  22. Böhlke JE (1953) A catalogue of the type specimens of recent fishes in the Natural History Museum of Stanford University. Stanford Ichthyol Bull 5 (art 1):1–168Google Scholar
  23. Burgess WE, Axelrod HR (1971) Pacific marine fishes. Book 1. Fujio Yasuda & Yoshio Hiyama. TFH Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  24. Burgess WE, Axelrod HR (1973) Pacific marine fishes. Book 3. Fishes of Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the Maldive Islands and Mombasa. TFH Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  25. Burgess WE, Axelrod HR (1976) Pacific Marine Fishes. Book 7. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef. TFH Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  26. Chen C-H (2004) Checklist of fishes of Penghu. Spec Publ Fisher Res Inst 4:1–175Google Scholar
  27. Chen L-C (1981) Scorpaenid fishes of Taiwan. Quart J Taiwan Mus 34:1–60Google Scholar
  28. Chu Y-T (ed) (1962) Fishes of the South China Sea. Sciences Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  29. Chu Y-T, Jin X-B (1963) Cottoidei. In: Chu Y-T Chan T-L, Chen C-T (eds) Fishes of the East China Sea. Science Press, Beijing, pp 451–504Google Scholar
  30. Cuvier G (1837) The animal kingdom, arranged according to its organization, serving as a foundation for the natural history of animals, and an introduction to comparative anatomy. Vol II. Reptiles-Fishes. LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Cuvier G, Valenciennes A (1829) Histoire naturelle des poisons, vol 4. Chez FG Levrault, ParisGoogle Scholar
  32. Desoutter M, Munroe TA, Chapleau F (2001) Nomenclatural status of Brachirus Swainson, Synaptura Cantor and Euryglossa Kaup (Soleidae, Pleuronectiformes). Ichthyol Res 48:325–327Google Scholar
  33. Dor M (1984) Checklist of the fishes of the Red Sea. CLOFRES. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, JerusalemGoogle Scholar
  34. Eschmeyer WN (1965) Western Atlantic scorpionfishes of the genus Scorpaena, including four new species. Bull Mar Sci 15:84–164Google Scholar
  35. Eschmeyer WN (1986) Family No. 149: Scorpaenidae. In: Smith MM, Heemstra PC (eds) Smiths’ sea fishes. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg, pp 463–478Google Scholar
  36. Eschmeyer WN (ed) (1998) Catalog of fishes. Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, Special Publication 1. Vols 1–3. California Academy of Sciences, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  37. Eschmeyer WN, Fricke R, van der Laan R (eds) (2016) Catalog of fishes: genera, species, references. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. Accessed 14 Oct. 2016
  38. Eschmeyer WN, Randall JE (1975) The scorpaenid fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, including new species and new records (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Proc Calif Acad Sci (Ser 4) 40:265–333Google Scholar
  39. Fishelson L (1975) Ethology and reproduction of pteroid fishes found in the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea), especially Dendrochirus brachypterus (Cuvier), (Pteroidae, Teleostei). Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli 39 (Suppl):635–656Google Scholar
  40. Fishelson L (1978) Oogenesis and spawn-formation in the pigmy lion fish Dendrochirus brachypterus (Pteroidae). Mar Biol 46:341–348Google Scholar
  41. Fishelson L (1997) Experiments and observations on food consumption, growth and starvation in Dendrochirus brachypterus and Pterois volitans (Pteroinae, Scorpaenidae). Environ Biol Fishes 50:391–403Google Scholar
  42. Fourmanoir P, Laboute P (1967) Poissons de Nouvelle Caledonie et des Nouvelles Hebrides. les éditions du pacifique, PapeeteGoogle Scholar
  43. Fowler HW (1928) The fishes of Oceania. Mem Bernice P Bishop Mus (10):i–iii + 1–540, pls 1–49Google Scholar
  44. Francis MP (1993) Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Island, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac Sci 47:136–170Google Scholar
  45. Freshwater DW, Hamner RM, Parham S, Wilbur AE (2009) Molecular evidence that the lionfishes Pterois miles and Pterois volitans are distinct species. J N C Acad Sci 125:39–46Google Scholar
  46. Fricke R, Kulbicki M (2006) Checklist of the shore fishes of New Caledonia. In: Payri CE, Forges BR (eds) Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia. Documents scientifi queset techniques. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Nouméa, pp. 313–357, pls. 15/1–15/2Google Scholar
  47. Fricke R, Kulbicki M, Wantiez L (2011) Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttg Beitr Naturk A New Ser 4:341–463Google Scholar
  48. Fricke R, Mulochau T, Durville P, Chabanet P, Tessier E, Letourneur Y (2009) Annotated checklist of the fish species (Pisces) of La Réunion, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttg Beitr Naturk A New Ser 2:1–168Google Scholar
  49. Gloerfelt-Tarp T, Kailola PJ (1984) Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau (ADAB), Directorate General of Fisheries, Indonesia (DGF), and German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), JakartaGoogle Scholar
  50. Golani D, Bogorodsky SV (2010) The fishes of the Red Sea—reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1–135Google Scholar
  51. Golani D, Lerner A (2007) A long-term study of the sandy shore ichthyofauna in the northern Red Sea (Gulf of Aqaba) with reference to adjacent mariculture activity. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 14:255–264Google Scholar
  52. Gosline WA, Brock VE (1960) Handbook of Hawaiian fishes. University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  53. Greenfield DW (2003) A survey of the small reed fishes of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Pac Sci 57:45–76Google Scholar
  54. Gruvel A, Chabanaud P (1937) Missions A. Gruvel dans le Canal de Suez. II. Poissons. Mém de l’Inst d’Égypte (N S) 35:1–30Google Scholar
  55. Günther ACLG (1860) Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Vol 2. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. British Museum, LondonGoogle Scholar
  56. Günther ACLG (1874) Andrew Garrett’s fische der Südsee, band 1, heft. 3. J Mus Godeffroy 2:58–96, pls 40–60Google Scholar
  57. Hagiwara K, Kimura K (2006) Fish fauna of shore waters in Hasama, Tateyama, Boso Peninsula. Mem Natl Sci Mus Tokyo (41):351–387Google Scholar
  58. Herre AWCT (1952) A review of the scorpaenoid fishes of the Philippines and adjacent seas. Philipp J Sci 80:381–482Google Scholar
  59. Hoover JP (1993) Hawaii’s fishes. A guide for snorkelers, divers, and aquarists. Mutual Publishing, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  60. Hutchins JB (2001) Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Rec West Aust Mus (Suppl 63):9–50Google Scholar
  61. Hylleberg J, Aungtonya C (2013) Biodiversity survey in Chalong Bay and surrounding areas, east coast of Phuket, Thailand. Phuket Mar Biol Cent Spec Publ 32:81–112Google Scholar
  62. Ibarra M, Stewart DJ (1987) Catalogue of type specimens of recent fishes in Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana Zool (New Ser) (35):1–112Google Scholar
  63. ICZN (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature) (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature. 4th edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, LondonGoogle Scholar
  64. Ide S, Machida Y, Endo H (2003) Coastal bottom fishes collected by commercial trawlers from Tosa Bay off Susaki, southern Japan. Bull Mar Sci Fish Kochi Univ 22:1–35Google Scholar
  65. Ieyama H, Nishio T (1994) Fish fauna in coastal region of Nishiumi-cho, Ehime Prefecture. Mem Fac Educ Ehime Univ Nat Sci 15:19–30Google Scholar
  66. Ikeda H, Nakabo T (2015) Fishes of the Pacific coasts of southern Japan. Tokai University Press, HadanoGoogle Scholar
  67. Ishida M (1997) Scorpaenidae. In: Okamura O, Amaoka K (eds) Sea fishes of Japan. Yama-Kei Publishers, Tokyo, pp 189–209Google Scholar
  68. Jenkins OP (1903) Report on collections of fishes made in the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of new species. Bull US Fish Comm 22:415–511, pls 1–4Google Scholar
  69. Jin X-B (1979) Cottoidei. In: China National Bureau of Aquatic Products, Xiamen Fisheries College, Academia Sinica, Beijing Natural History Museum and Fisheries Institute of Hainan Administrative Region, Guangdong Province (eds) The fishes of the islands in the South China Sea. Science Press, Beijing, pp 509–523Google Scholar
  70. Jones S, Kumaran M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago. The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, TrivandrumGoogle Scholar
  71. Jordan DS (1919) The genera of fishes, from Linnaeus to 1920, with the accepted type of each. A contribution to the stability of scientific nomenclature. Stanf Univ Publ Univ Ser part II:i–ix + 163–284 + i–xiiiGoogle Scholar
  72. Jordan DS, Evermann BW (1903) Descriptions of new genera and species of fishes from the Hawaiian Islands. Bull US Fish Comm 22: 161–208Google Scholar
  73. Jordan DS, Evermann BW (1905) The aquatic resources of the Hawaiian Islands. Part I. The shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, with a general account of the fish fauna. Bull US Fish Comm 23 (pt 1):i–xxviii + 1–574, pls 1–65, color pls 1–73Google Scholar
  74. Jordan DS, Hubbs CL (1925) Record of fishes obtained by David Starr Jordan in Japan, 1922. Mem Carnegie Mus 10:93–346, pls 5–12Google Scholar
  75. Jordan DS, Seale A (1906) The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the archipelago, with a provisional check-list of the fishes of Oceania. Bull Bur Fish 25:173–455 + 457–488, pls 33–53Google Scholar
  76. Jordan DS, Snyder JO (1904) Description of a new species of fish (Apogon evermanni) from the Hawaiian Islands, with notes on other species. Proc US Natl Mus 28:123–126Google Scholar
  77. Kamohara T (1938) On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa, Shikoku, Japan. Maruzen, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  78. Kamohara T (1952) Revised descriptions of the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa, Shikoku, Japan. Rep Kochi Univ Nat Sci (3):1–122Google Scholar
  79. Kamohara T (1958) A catalogue of fishes of Kochi Prefecture (Province Tosa), Japan. Rep Usa Mar Biol Stn 5:1–76Google Scholar
  80. Kamohara T (1960) On the shore fishes of Okinoshima and adjacent regions, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Res Rep Kochi Univ 9:1–16Google Scholar
  81. Károli J (1882) Prodromus piscium Asiae orientalis a domine Joanne Xanthus annis 1868. 70 collectorum. Termesz. Fuzetek Budapest 5:147–187Google Scholar
  82. Kato S (2011) Marine fishes illustrated. Seibundo-Shinkosha, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  83. Khalaf MA, Disi AM (1997) Fishes of the Gulf of Aqaba. Marine Science Station Aqaba, AqabaGoogle Scholar
  84. Kimura S, Nakamura Y, Aritaki M, Kimura F, Mori K, Suzuki K (1983) Ecological studies on fishes of the Zostera bed at the mouth of Ago Bay, Mie Prefecture—I: fish fauna and its seasonal change. Bull Fac Fish Mie Univ 10:71–93Google Scholar
  85. Klausewitz F (1957) Feuerfische der Gattungen Dendrochirus und Pterois. Das aktuelle Heft 10:319–323Google Scholar
  86. Klunzinger CB (1870) Synopsis der fische des Rothen Meeres. I. Theil. Percoiden-Mugiloiden. Verh K-K Zool-Bot Ges Wien 20:669–834Google Scholar
  87. Klunzinger CB (1884) Die fische des Rothen Meeres. Eine kritische revision mit Bestimmungstabellen. I. Teil. Acanthopteri veri Owen. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshndlung, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  88. Kochzius M, Söller R, Khalaf MA, Bohm D (2003) Molecular phylogeny of the lionfish genera Dendrochirus and Pterois (Scorpeanidae, Pteroinae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol 28:396–403Google Scholar
  89. Kojima J (1988a) Dendrochirus bellus. In: Okiyama M (ed) An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 796–798Google Scholar
  90. Kojima J (1988b) Dendrochirus zebra. In: Okiyama M (ed) An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 796, 798Google Scholar
  91. Kojima J (2014a) Dendrochirus bellus. In: Okiyama M (ed) An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. 2nd edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 612–613Google Scholar
  92. Kojima J (2014b) Dendrochirus zebra. In: Okiyama M (ed) An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. 2nd edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 612–613Google Scholar
  93. Kottelat M (1998) Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangai basins, Laos, with diagnosis of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Ichthyol Explor Freshw 9:1–128Google Scholar
  94. Kotthaus A (1979) Fische des Indischen Ozeans. Ergebnisse der ichthyologischen Untersuchungen wa¨hrend der Expedition des Forschungsschiffes ‘‘Meteor’’ in den Indischen Ozean, Oktober 1964 bis Mai 1965. a. Systematischer Teil, XXI. Diverse Ordnungen. Meteor Forsch Ser D Biol (28):6–54Google Scholar
  95. Kuiter RH (1992) Tropical reef-fishes of the western Pacific. Indonesia and adjacent waters. Penerbit PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  96. Kuiter RH (1993) Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  97. Kuiter RH (1996) Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. New Holland Ltd, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  98. Kuiter RH (1998) Photo guide to fishes of the Maldives. Atoll Editions, Apollo BayGoogle Scholar
  99. Kuiter RH, Debelius H (2006) World atlas of marine fishes. IKAN-Unterwasserarchiv, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  100. Kulbicki M, Randall J, Rivaton J (1990) Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). ORSTOM, NouméaGoogle Scholar
  101. Kulbicki M, Williams JT (1997) Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvéa Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Res Bull 444:1–26Google Scholar
  102. Kumar S, Stecher G, Tamura K (2016) MEGA7: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Mol Biol Evol 33:1870–1874Google Scholar
  103. Kuriiwa K, Hanzawa N, Yoshino T, Kimura S, Nishida M (2007) Phylogenetic relationships and natural hybridization in rabbitfishes (Teleostei: Siganidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses. Mol Phylogenet Evol 45:69–80Google Scholar
  104. Kuroda N (1951) A nominal list with distribution of the fishes of Suruga Bay, inclusive of the freshwater species found near the coast. Japan J Ichthyol 1: 314–338, 376–394Google Scholar
  105. Larson HK, Williams RS, Hammer MP (2013) An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696:1–293Google Scholar
  106. Lieske E, Myers RF (2004) Coral reef guide. Red Sea to Gulf of Aden, South Oman. Harper Collins Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  107. Mandrytsa SA (2001) Lateral line system and classification of scorpaenoid fishes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenoidei). Perm State Univ Press, PermGoogle Scholar
  108. Manilo LG, Bogorodsky SV (2003) Taxonomic composition, diversity and distribution of coastal fishes of the Arabian Sea. J Ichthyol 43 (Suppl 1):S75–S149Google Scholar
  109. Martin TJ, Brewer DT, Blaber SJ (1995) Factors affecting distribution and abundance of small demersal fishes in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Mar Freshw Res 46:909–920Google Scholar
  110. Masuda H, Araga C, Yoshino T (1975) Coastal fishes of southern Japan. Tokai Univ Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  111. Masuda H, Kobayashi Y (1994) Grand atlas of fish life modes. Tokai University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  112. Matsubara K (1943) Studies on the scorpaenoid fishes of Japan. Anatomy, phylogeny and taxonomy (II). Trans Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo 2:171–486Google Scholar
  113. Matsunuma M (2014) Dendrochirus brachypterus. In: Motomura H, Matsuura K (eds) Filed guide to fishes of Yoron Island in the middle of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima and the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, p 114Google Scholar
  114. Matsunuma M, Motomura H (2013a) A new lionfish of the genus Dendrochirus (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) from the Tuamotu Archipelago, South Pacific Ocean. Spec Divers 18:1–7Google Scholar
  115. Matsunuma M, Motomura H (2013b) Newly recognized diagnostic characters of the poorly known lionfish, Pterois brevipectoralis (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae), with notes on fresh coloration. Spec Divers 18:163–173Google Scholar
  116. Matsunuma M, Motomura H (2014) A new species of scorpionfish, Ebosia saya (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae), from the western Indian Ocean and notes on fresh coloration of Ebosia falcata. Ichthyol Res. doi 10.1007/s10228-014-0445-4 (also appeared in Ichthyol Res 62:293–312)
  117. Matsunuma M, Motomura H (2015) Redescriptions of Pterois radiata and Pterois cincta (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) with notes on geographic morphological variations in P. radiata. Ichthyol Res. doi 10.1007/s10228-015-0483-6 (also appeared in Ichthyol Res 63:145–172)
  118. Matsuura K, Shibukawa K, Shinohara G, Liu J (2001) Fishes collected from the shallow waters of Hainan Island, South China Sea. Natl Sci Mus Monogr 21:101–126Google Scholar
  119. Michael SW (2001) Reef fishes. Vol 1. A guide to their identification, behavior, and captive care. TFH Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  120. Miya M, Nishida M (2000) Use of mitogenomic information in teleostean molecular phylogenetics: a tree-based exploration under the maximum-parsimony optimality criterion. Mol Phylogenet Evol 17:437–455Google Scholar
  121. Mohsin AKM, Ambak MA (1996) Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. Universiti Pertanian Malaysia Press, SerdangGoogle Scholar
  122. Moore GI, Morrison SM, Hutchins JB, Allen GR, Sampey A (2014) Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Rec West Aust Mus Suppl 84:161–206Google Scholar
  123. Motomura H (2004a) New species of scorpionfish, Scorpaena cocosensis (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the Cocos Islands, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific Ocean. Copeia 2004:818–824Google Scholar
  124. Motomura H (2004b) Revision of the scorpionfish genus Neosebastes (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae) with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac Fish 37:1–75Google Scholar
  125. Motomura H (2013) Dendrochirus brachypterus. In: Motomura H, Dewa S, Furuta F, Matsuura K (eds) Fishes of Iou-jima and Take-shima islands, Mishima, Kagoshima, Japan. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima and National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, p 37Google Scholar
  126. Motomura H, Fricke R, Eschmeyer WN (2005a) Redescription of a poorly known scorpionfish, Scorpaena canariensis (Sauvage), and a first record of Pontinus leda Eschmeyer from the Northern Hemisphere (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Stuttg Beitr Naturk Ser A (Biol) 674:1–15Google Scholar
  127. Motomura H, Johnson JW (2006) Validity of the poorly known scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri, with redescriptions of R. frondosa and R. aphanes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Copeia 2006:500–515Google Scholar
  128. Motomura H, Kuriiwa K, Katayama E, Senou H, Ogihara G, Meguro M, Matsunuma M, Takata Y, Yoshida T, Yamashita M, Kimura S, Endo H, Murase A, Iwatsuki Y, Sakurai Y, Harazaki S, Hidaka K, Izumi H, Matsuura K (2010) Annotated checklist of marine and estuarine fishes of Yaku-shima Island, Kagoshima, southern Japan. In: Motomura H, Matsuura K (eds). Fishes of Yaku-shima Island – A World Heritage island in the Osumi Group, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan. National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, pp 65–247Google Scholar
  129. Motomura H, Last PR, Gomon MF (2006a) A new species of the scorpionfish genus Maxillicosta from the southeast coast of Australia, with a redescription of M. whitleyi (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae). Copeia 2006:445–459Google Scholar
  130. Motomura H, Last PR, Yearsley GK (2005b) Scorpaena bulacephala, a new species of scorpionfish (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the northern Tasman Sea. Zootaxa 1043:17–32Google Scholar
  131. Motomura H, Last PR, Yearsley GK (2006b) New species of shallow water scorpionfish (Scorpaenidae: Scorpaena) from the central coast of Western Australia. Copeia 2006:360–369Google Scholar
  132. Motomura H, Paulin CD, Stewart AL (2005c) First records of Scorpaena onaria (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the southwestern Pacific Ocean, and comparisons with the Northern Hemisphere population. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 39:865–880Google Scholar
  133. Motomura H, Senou H (2008) A new species of the scorpionfish genus Scorpaena (Scorpaenidae) from Izu Peninsula, Pacific coast of Japan. J Fish Biol 72:1761–1772Google Scholar
  134. Motomura H, Struthers CD (2015) 156 Family Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes and lionfishes. In: Roberts CD, Stewart AL, Struthers CD (eds) The fishes of New Zealand. Vols. 1–4. Te Papa Press, Wellington, pp 1088–1100Google Scholar
  135. Motomura H, Struthers CD, McGrouther MA, Stewart AL (2011) Validity of Scorpaena jacksoniensis and a redescription of S. cardinalis, a senior synonym of S. cookii (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Ichthyol Res 58:315–332Google Scholar
  136. Mundy BC (2005) Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus Bull Zool 6:1–704Google Scholar
  137. Myers RF (1989) Micronesian reef fishes. Coral Graphics Press, BarrigadaGoogle Scholar
  138. Myers RG, Donaldson TJ (2003) The fishes of the Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35–36:598–652Google Scholar
  139. Nakabo T (1993) Scorpaenidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes from Japan with pictorial keys to the species. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 491–518, 1295–1298Google Scholar
  140. Nakabo T (2000) Scorpaenidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes from Japan with pictorial keys to the species. 2nd edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 565–595, 1519–1522Google Scholar
  141. Nakabo T (2002) Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. English edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 565–595, 1524–1528Google Scholar
  142. Nakabo T, Kai Y (2013) Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. 3rd edition. Tokai University Press, Hadano, pp 683–705, 1939–1946Google Scholar
  143. Norman JR (1922) Three new fishes from Zululand and Natal, collected by Mr. H. W. Bell Marley; with additions to the fish fauna of Natal. Ann Mag Nat Hist (Ser 9) 9:318–322Google Scholar
  144. Okada Y, Matsubara K (1938) Key to the fishes and fish-like animals of Japan. Sanseido, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  145. Palmer G (1959) Some observations on the fauna of the Maldive Islands. Part V. Fishes. J Bombay Nat His Soc 55:486–489Google Scholar
  146. Pereira MAM (2000) Preliminary checklist of reef-associated fishes of Mozambique. MICOA, MaputoGoogle Scholar
  147. Playfair RL, Günther A (1867) The fishes of Zanzibar, with a list of the fishes of the whole east coast of Africa. John van Voorst, LondonGoogle Scholar
  148. Poss SG (1999) Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes (also, lionfishes, rockfishes, stingfishes, stonefishes, and waspfishes). In: Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) FAO species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Vol 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome, pp 2291–2352Google Scholar
  149. Prokofiev AM (2008) A new species of Platygobiopsis from Vietnam (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gobiidae). J Ichthyol 48:853–859Google Scholar
  150. Rajan PT, Sreeraj CR, Immanuel T (2013) Fishes of Andaman Andaman and Nicobar Islands: a checklist. J Andaman Sci Assoc 18:47–87Google Scholar
  151. Randall JE (1983) Red Sea reef fishes. Immel Publishing Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  152. Randall JE (1996) Shore fishes of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press, HonolulGoogle Scholar
  153. Randall JE (2005) Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific, New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  154. Randall JE (2007) Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai’i, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  155. Randall JE, Allen GR, Steene RC (1997) Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. 2nd edition. University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  156. Randall JE, Earle JL, Pyle RL, Parrish JD, Hayes T (1993) Annotated checklist of the fishes of Midway Atoll, northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Pac Sci 47:356–400Google Scholar
  157. Randall JE, Eschmeyer WN (2001) Revision of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo-Pac Fish 34:1–79Google Scholar
  158. Randall JE, Lim KKP (2000) A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl (8):569–667Google Scholar
  159. Randall JE, Lobel PS, Chave EH (1985) Annotated checklist of the fishes of Johnston Island. Pac Sci 39:24–80Google Scholar
  160. Randall JE, Williams JT, Smith DG, Kulbicki M, Mou Tham G, Labrosse P, Kronen M, Clua E, Mann BS (2003) Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Res Bull 502:i–ii + 1–35Google Scholar
  161. Rivaton J, Fourmanoir P, Bourret P, Kulbicki M (1990) Checklist of fishes from New Caledonia. ORSTOM, NouméaGoogle Scholar
  162. Sabaj MH (2016) Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology: an online reference. Version 6.5 (16 August 2016). American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Washington, DC. http://www.asih.org/. Accessed 30 August 2016
  163. Sainsbury K, Kailola PJ, Leyland GG (1985) Fishes of northern and north-western Australia. CSIRO, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  164. Satapoomin U (2011) The fishes of southwestern Thailand, the Andaman Sea–A review of research and a provisional checklist of species. Phuket Mar Biol Cent Res Bull 70:29–77Google Scholar
  165. Schultz LP, Woods LP, Lachner EA (1966) Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas islands. Vol 3. Families Kraemeriidae through Antennariidae. Bull US Nat Mus 202:i–vii + 1–176, pls 124–148Google Scholar
  166. Seeto J, Baldwin WJ (2010) A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fishes. Div Mar Stud Tec Rep 1:1–102Google Scholar
  167. Senou H, Kobayashi Y, Kobayashi N (2007) Coastal fishes of the Miyako Group, the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Bull Kanagawa Prefect Mus (Nat Sci) 36:47–74Google Scholar
  168. Senou H, Kodato H, Nomura T, Yunokawa K (2006a) Coastal fishes of Ie-jima Island, the Ryukyu Islands, Okinawa, Japan. Bull Kanagawa Prefect Mus (Nat Sci) (35):67–92Google Scholar
  169. Senou H, Matsuura K, Shinohara G (2006b) Checklist of fishes in the Sagami Sea with zoogeographical comments on shallow water fishes occurring along the coastlines under the influence of the Kuroshio Current. Mem Natl Sci Mus 41:389–54Google Scholar
  170. Shao K-T, Ho H-C, Lin P-L, Lee P-F, Lee M-Y, Tsai C-Y, Liao Y-C, Lin Y-C, Chen J-P, Yeh H-M (2008) A checklist of the fishes of southern Taiwan, northern South China Sea. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 19:233–271Google Scholar
  171. Shen S-C (1984) Synopsis of fishes of Taiwan. Southern Materials Center, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  172. Shen S-C (1993) Fishes of Taiwan. National Taiwan University, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  173. Shimizu T, Hatooka K (1997) New records of the fishes from the Seto Inland Sea. IOP Div News 8 (9):2–6Google Scholar
  174. Shinohara G, Matsuura K, Shirai S (1998) Fishes of Tachibana Bay, Nagasaki, Japan. Mem Natl Sci Mus Tokyo (30):105–138Google Scholar
  175. Shinohara G, Endo H, Matsuura K, Machida Y, Honda H (2001) Annotated checklist of the deepwater fishes from Tosa Bay, Japan. Natl Sci Mus Monogr (20):283–343Google Scholar
  176. Shiogaki M, Dotsu Y (1973) Fishes collected from the coastal waters of Nomozaki near Nagasaki. Bull Fac Fish Nagasaki Univ 35:11–39Google Scholar
  177. Smith JLB (1957) The fishes of the family Scorpaenidae in the western Indian Ocean. Part 2. The subfamilies Pteroinae, Apistinae, Setarchinae and Sebastinae. Ichthyol Bull J L B Smith Inst Ichthyol Rhodes Univ 5:75–87Google Scholar
  178. Smith JLB, Smith MM 1969. Fishes of Seychelles. The J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Rhodes University, GrahamstownGoogle Scholar
  179. Snyder JO (1904) A catalogue of the shore fishes collected by the steamer “Albatross” about the Hawaiian Islands in 1902. Bull US Fish Comm 22:513–538, pls 1–13Google Scholar
  180. Springer VG, Eschmeyer WN (1974) Location of holotypes of Japanese fishes (Jordan and Starks, 1906) and types of Hawaiian fishes (Jordan and Evermann, 1903). Copeia 1974:566–569Google Scholar
  181. Steindachner F (1900a) Fische aus dem Stillen Ocean. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland, 1896–1897). Anz Akad Wiss Wien 16:174–178Google Scholar
  182. Steindachner F (1900b) Fische aus dem Stillen Ocean. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland, 1896–97). Denkschr Kaiserl Akad Wiss Wien, Math Naturwiss Kl 70:483–521, pls 1–6Google Scholar
  183. Suzuki H, Kimura K, Hagiwara K (2004) Fishes of Hazama, Chiba Prefecture, Japan (1): scorpionfish. IOP Div News 15(7):4–5Google Scholar
  184. Swainson W (1839) On the natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles, or monocardian animals. Vol 2. Longman, Orne, Brown, Gree, Longmans, LondonGoogle Scholar
  185. Takagi T, Hirata T, Hirata S, Nakata C (2010) Fishes of Ainan Ehime. Soufusha Shuppan, MatsuyamaGoogle Scholar
  186. Takeuchi N, Senou H, Seino S (2015) Fish fauna of Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Researches from 1948 to 2015. Bull Biogeogr Soc Japan 70:1–10Google Scholar
  187. Tamai T, Arao K (2013) Landing fishes on Isshiki Fishing Port, Aichi Prefecture (part III). Sci Rep Toyohashi Mus Nat Hist (23):45–48Google Scholar
  188. Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewniak F, Jeanmougin F, Higgins DG (1997) The Clustal-X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Res 25:4876–4882Google Scholar
  189. Tinker SW (1944) Hawaiian fishes. Tongg Publishing Company, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  190. Tortonese E. (1968) Contributions to the knowledge of the Red Sea (40), Fishes from Eilat (Red Sea). Bull Sea Fish Res Stn Haifa 51:6–30Google Scholar
  191. Uchida RN, Uchiyama JH (1986) Fishery atlas of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Natl Ocean Atmos Admin Tec Rep Natl Mar Fish Ser 38:1–142Google Scholar
  192. Uryu T (2003) Filed guide to marine fishes of Izu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Kaiyusha, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  193. Wahlert G (1955) Die typen und typoide des Übersee-Museums Bremen, 2: Pisces. Veröff Überseemus Bremen, Reihe A, Naturwiss 2:323–326Google Scholar
  194. Weber M (1913) Die fische der Siboga-Expedition. E. J. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  195. Wickel J, Jamon A, Pinault M, Durville P, Chabanet P (2014) Composition et structure des peuplements ichtyologiques marins de l’île de Mayotte (sud-ouest de l’océan Indien). Cybium 38:179–203Google Scholar
  196. Xinbo J (2006) Fauna Sinica. Ostichthyes. Scorpaeniformes. Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  197. Yamada U, Tokimura M, Horikawa H, Nakabo T (2007) Fishes and fisheries of the East China and Yellow seas. Tokai University Press, HadanoGoogle Scholar
  198. Yamamoto K, Tokimura M, Tsukamoto Y, Zenitani H (2010) Groundfish species composition in the East China and Yellow seas: a comparison of five surveys in 1986 to 1991. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 76:192–203Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mizuki Matsunuma
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Motomura
    • 2
  • Sergey V. Bogorodsky
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Biology, Faculty of ScienceKochi UniversityKochiJapan
  2. 2.The Kagoshima University MuseumKagoshimaJapan
  3. 3.Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany
  4. 4.Station of NaturalistsOmskRussia

Personalised recommendations