A new cardinalfish, Verulux solmaculata (Perciformes: Apogonidae), from Papua New Guinea and Australia
- 254 Downloads
Verulux solmaculata sp. nov., a new cardinalfish based on 88 specimens collected from Papua New Guinea and Australia, differs from V. cypselurus, the only other known member of the genus, by the following characters: higher modal numbers of pectoral fin-rays (16 vs. 15 in the latter) and developed gill rakers (14 vs. 13), a broader black band extending over 3–5 (mode 4) rays on each lobe of the caudal fin (vs. 1–3, mode 2), and a black blotch on the caudal-fin base (vs. blotch absent).
KeywordsTeleostei Verulux cypselurus Taxonomy Distribution
We are deeply grateful to M. McGrouther, A. Hay, and S. Reader (AMS), M. Sabaj (ANSP), A. Suzumoto (BPBM), T. Iwamoto, D. Catania, and M. Hoang (CAS), H. Senou (KPM), R. de Ruiter (RMNH), O. Gon (SAIAB), T. Alpermann, and S. Drow (SMF), J. Williams (USNM), and S. Morrison, G. Moore, and M. Allen (WAM) for opportunities to examine specimens of Verulux. We also thank Y. Haraguchi and other volunteers and students of KAUM for curatorial assistance, G. Moore (WAM) for the donation of WAM specimens to KAUM, T. Uchida (“DIVEMAN”, Ishigaki, Japan) and K. Yakabu (“ZAWAWA”, Ishigaki-jima, Ishigaki, Japan) for their assistance in collecting specimens, and G. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for reading the manuscript and providing help with English. This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A: 26241027, B: 24370041, and C: 23580259 and 26450265) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan (JSPS), JSPS Asian Core Program “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Coastal Marine Science in Southeast Asia”, the Coastal Area Capability Enhancement in Southeast Asia Project of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan, the “Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan” project of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan, and the “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Satsunan Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.
- Ahlstrom EH, Butler JL, Sumida BY (1976) Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: kinds, distributions, and early life histories and observations on five of these from the northwest Atlantic. Bull Mar Sci 26:285–402Google Scholar
- Allen GR, Erdmann MV (2012) Reef fishes of the East Indies. Vols. 1–3. Tropical Reef Research, PerthGoogle Scholar
- Fraser TH (1972) Comparative osteology of the shallow water cardinal fishes [Perciformes: Apogonidae] with reference to the systematics and evolution of the family. Ichthyol Bull JLB Smith Inst Ichthyol 34:i–v + 1–105Google Scholar
- Fraser TH (2005) A review of the species in the Apogon fasciatus group with a description of a new species of cardinalfish from the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 924:1–30Google Scholar
- Hayashi M (2013) Apogonidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, third edition. Tokai University Press, Hadano, pp 826–864, 1979–1986Google Scholar
- Randall JE, Fraser TH, Lachner EA (1990) On the validity of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfishes Apogon aureus (Lacepède) and A. fleurieu (Lacepède), with description of a related new species from the Red Sea. Proc Biol Soc Wash 103:39–62Google Scholar
- Sabaj Pérez MH (2014) Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology: an online reference. Version 5.0 (22 September 2014). American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Washington, DC. http://www.asih.org/resources/standard-symbolic-codes-institutional-resource-collections-herpetology-ichthyology. Accessed 21 January 2016
- Weber M (1909) Diagnosen der neuer fische der Siboga Expedition. Note Leiden Mus 31:143–169Google Scholar
- Weber M (1913) Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition. E. J. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar