Ichthyological Research

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 341–351 | Cite as

A new threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus nipponicus sp. nov. (Teleostei: Gasterosteidae), from the Japan Sea region

  • Masahito Higuchi
  • Harumi Sakai
  • Akira Goto
Full Paper


Gasterosteus nipponicus sp. nov. is described from the holotype, 35 paratypes, and 60 additional specimens. The species differs from congeners in the following combination of characters: lateral plates complete, abruptly reducing in size above the anus, depth of lateral plate above the anus < 60 % that of the deepest plate; caudal keels thin, membranous. The new species is distributed in coastal Japan facing the Sea of Japan from Kyushu to Hokkaido Islands, along the Pacific coast of northern Japan from the Chiba Prefecture to Hokkaido, along the Sea of Okhotsk of Hokkaido, west to the southern and eastern coasts of Korean Peninsula, the Maritime Territory and north to Sakhalin Island, Russia.


New species Taxonomy Morphology Lateral plate Anadromy 



We are indebted to H. Imamura (HUMZ), G. Shinohara (NSMT) and M. Kuwahara (LBM) for their cooperation and support in the deposition and loan of specimens, and to the Linnean Society of London for permitting the use of the digital image of the syntypes of Gasterosteus aculeatus. We express our gratitude to T. Hatama, S.-R. Jeon, T. Kitamura, M. Kume, Y. Suda, K. Takata, H. Takahashi and M. Yamada for their help in collecting specimens. Thanks also go to R. Miyauchi and D. Takeda for their technical help. We appreciate the English correction made by G. S. Hardy.


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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sado Maritime District Fishery Coordination CommissionNiigata Prefectural GovernmentSadoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied AquabiologyNational Fisheries UniversityShimonosekiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Science of Environmental EducationHokkaido University of EducationHakodateJapan

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