Ichthyological Research

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 252–264 | Cite as

A new species of Petrochromis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika

Full Paper

Abstract

Based on morphological and molecular analyses of a Petrochromis fish (Cichlidae) from the southern end of Lake Tanganyika, this fish is considered a taxonomic species distinct from the six known congeners. A new scientific name is proposed for this fish. A key to the seven Petrochromis species is included.

Keywords

Petrochromis horii Taxonomy Morphology mtDNA phylogeny Description of a new species Key to species 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank M. Hori for providing specimens; P. Ngalande, H. Phiri, D. Sinyinza, and other staff of Department of Fisheries, the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Zambia, and B. Ngatunga, A. Chande and other staff of Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute for their support in the field; J. Snoeks, R. Britz, M. Yabe, Y. Kai, G. Shinohara, Y. Terai, and H. Hata for their assistance during the examination of comparative specimens; J. Snoeks and R. Britz for depositing type specimens of P. horii n. sp. in MRAC and BMNH, respectively; J. Snoeks and L. Makasa for comments on the taxonomic status of P. t. ephippium; and Y. Kai for measuring the upper-jaw protrusion in some specimens. This study was supported by Grants-in-Aid for Special Purposes (No. 18779002), Young Scientists (B) (No. 20770065), and Scientific Research (B) (No. 23370043) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.

Supplementary material

10228_2014_396_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (115 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 115 kb)
10228_2014_396_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (74 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 74 kb)

References

  1. Boulenger GA (1898) Report on the fishes recently obtained by Mr. J. E. S. Moore in Lake Tanganyika. Proc Zool Soc Lond :494–497Google Scholar
  2. Boulenger GA (1914) Diagnoses des poissons nouveaux: I. Acanthoptérygiens, Opisthomes, Cyprinodontes (Mission Stappers au Tanganyka-Moero). Rev Zool Afr 3:442–447Google Scholar
  3. Brichard P (1989) Cichlids and all the other fishes of Lake Tanganyika. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  4. Burgess WE (2012) A new species of goby cichlid of the genus Eretmodus, E. marksmithi, (Pisces: Cichlidae) from the northern part of Lake Tanganyika. Tanganika Mag 12:23–31Google Scholar
  5. Cohen AS, Soreghan MJ, Scholz CA (1993) Estimating the age of formation of lakes: an example from Lake Tanganyika, East African Rift system. Geology 21:511–514Google Scholar
  6. Coulter GW (1994) Lake Tanganyika. Adv Limnol 44:13–18Google Scholar
  7. Duftner N, Koblmüller S, Sturmbauer C (2005) Evolutionary relationships of the Limnochromini, a Tribe of benthic deepwater cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. J Mol Evol 60:277–289Google Scholar
  8. Egger B, Koblmüller S, Sturmbauer C, Sefc KM (2007) Nuclear and mitochondrial data reveal different evolutionary processes in the Lake Tanganyika cichlid genus Tropheus. BMC Evol Biol 7:137Google Scholar
  9. Fryer G, Iles TD (1972) The cichlid fishes of the great lakes of Africa. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune CityGoogle Scholar
  10. Gante HF, Salzburger W (2012) Evolution: Cichlid models on the runaway to speciation. Current Biol 22:R956–958Google Scholar
  11. Günther A (1893) Descriptions of the reptiles and fishes collected by Mr. E. Coode-Hore on Lake Tanganyika. Proc Zool Soc Lond 628–632Google Scholar
  12. Hubbs CL, Lagler KF (2004) Fishes of the great lakes region, revised edition, revised by Smith GR. University of Michigan Press, Ann ArborGoogle Scholar
  13. Iles RB (1960) A group of zooplankton feeders of the genus Haplochromis (Cichlidae) in Lake Nyasa. Ann Mag Nat Hist (13) 2:257–280Google Scholar
  14. Jobb G, von Haeseler A, Strimmer K (2004) TREEFINDER: a powerful graphical analysis environment for molecular phylogenetics. BMC Evol Biol 4:18Google Scholar
  15. Koblmüller S, Duftner N, Sefc KM, Aibara M, Stipacek M, Blanc M, Egger B, Sturmbauer C (2007a) Reticulate phylogeny of gastropod-shell-breeding cichlids from Lake Tanganyika – the result of repeated introgressive hybridization. BMC Evol Biol 7:7Google Scholar
  16. Koblmüller S, Egger B, Sefc KM, Sturmbauer C (2007b) Evolutionary history of Lake Tanganyika’s scale-eating cichlid fishes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 44:1295–1305Google Scholar
  17. Koblmüller S, Sefc KM, Sturmbauer C (2008a) The Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics. Hydrobiologia 615:5–20Google Scholar
  18. Koblmüller S, Schliewen UK, Duftner N, Sefc KM, Katango C, Sturmbauer C (2008b) Age and spread of the haplochromine cichlid fishes in Africa. Mol Phylogenet Evol 49:153–169Google Scholar
  19. Koblmüller S, Egger B, Sturmbauer C, Sefc KM (2010) Rapid radiation, ancient incomplete lineage sorting and ancient hybridization in the endemic Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Tropheini. Mol Phylogenet Evol 55:318–334Google Scholar
  20. Koblmüller S, Salzburger W, Obermüller B, Eigner E, Sturmbauer C, Sefc K (2011) Separated by sand, fused by dropping water: habitat barriers and fluctuating water levels steer the evolution of rock-dwelling cichlid populations in Lake Tanganyika. Mol Ecol 20:2272–2290Google Scholar
  21. Kocher TD (2004) Adaptive evolution and explosive speciation: the cichlid fish model. Nature Rev Gen 5:288–298Google Scholar
  22. Kocher TD, Conroy JA, McKaye KR, Stauffer JR, Lockwood SF (1995) Evolution of NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 in east African cichlid fish. Mol Phylogenet Evol 4:420–432Google Scholar
  23. Kohda M, Yanagisawa Y, Sato T, Nakaya K, Niimura Y, Matsumoto K, Ochi H (1996) Geographical colour variation in cichlid fishes at the southern end of Lake Tanganyika. Environ Biol Fish 45:237–248Google Scholar
  24. Konings A (1998) Tanganyika cichlids in their natural habitat. Cichlid Press, El PasoGoogle Scholar
  25. Kornfield I, Smith PF (2000) African cichlid fishes: model systems for evolutionary biology. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 31:163–196Google Scholar
  26. Kullander SO, Karlsson M, Karlsson M (2012) Lepidiolamprologus kamambae, a new species of cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika. Zootaxa 3492:30–48 Google Scholar
  27. Lee W-J, Conroy J, Howell WH, Kocher TD (1995) Structure and evolution of teleost mitochondrial control regions. J Mol Evol 41:54–66Google Scholar
  28. Maréchal C, Poll M (1991) Petrochromis. In: Daget J, Gosse J-P, Teugels GG, Thys van den Audenaerde DFE (eds) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa CLOFFA 4. ISNB, Bruxelles, MRAC, Tervuren, ORSTOM, Paris, pp. 369–373Google Scholar
  29. Matthes H (1959) Un Cichlidae nouveau du lac Tanganika: Petrochromis orthognathus n. sp. Rev Zool Botanique Afr 60:335–341Google Scholar
  30. Matthes H, Trewavas E (1960) Petrochromis famula n. sp. a cichlid fish of Lake Tanganyika. Rev Zool Botanique Afr 61:349–357Google Scholar
  31. Poll M (1948) Description de Cichlidae nouveaux recueillis par la mission hydrobiologique belge au lac Tanganika (1946–1947). Bull Mus R Hist Nat Belg 24:1–31Google Scholar
  32. Poll M (1949) Deuxième série de Cichlidae nouveaux recueillis par la mission hydrobiologique belge au lac Tanganika. Bull Inst R Sci Nat Belg 33:1–55Google Scholar
  33. Poll M (1956) Poissons Cichlidae. Rés Sci Eplor Hydrobiol Lac Tanganika Inst R Sci Nat Belg 3(5B):1–619Google Scholar
  34. Poll M (1986) Classification des Cichlidae du lac Tanganika. Tribus, genres et espèces. Acad R Belg Mém Cl Sci 45:1–163Google Scholar
  35. Rambaut A, Drummond AJ (2009) Tracer version 1.5. http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/tracer/. Accessed 19 May 2013
  36. Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:1572–1574Google Scholar
  37. Rüber L, Meyer A, Sturmbauer C, Verheyen E (2001) Population structure in two sympatric species of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Eretmodini: evidence for introgression. Mol Ecol 10:1207–1225Google Scholar
  38. Salzburger W (2009) The interaction of sexually and naturally selected traits in the adaptive radiations of cichlid fishes. Mol Ecol 18:169–185Google Scholar
  39. Salzburger W, Meyer A, Baric S, Verheyen E, Sturmbauer C (2002) Phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species flock and its relationship to the Central and East African haplochromine cichlid fish faunas. Syst Biol 51:113–135Google Scholar
  40. Salzburger W, Mack T, Verheyen E, Meyer A (2005) Out of Tanganyika: genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes. BMC Evol Biol 5:17Google Scholar
  41. Schelly R, Takahashi T, Bills R, Hori M (2007) The first case of aggressive mimicry among lamprologines in a new species of Lepidiolamprologus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika. Zootaxa 1638:39–49Google Scholar
  42. Schupke P (2003) Aqualog: African cichlids II, Tanganyika I, Tropheus. Verlag A.C.S. Gmbh, RodgauGoogle Scholar
  43. Seehausen O (2006) African cichlid fish: a model system in adaptive radiation research. Proc R Soc B 273:1987–1998Google Scholar
  44. Snoeks J (2000) How well known is the ichthyodiversity of the large East African lakes? Adv Ecol Res 31:17–38Google Scholar
  45. Snoeks J (2004) Material and methods. In: Snoeks J (ed) The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: Identification, distribution and taxonomy. Cichlid Press, El Paso, pp. 12–19Google Scholar
  46. Sturmbauer C, Hainz U, Baric S, Verheyen E, Salzburger W (2003) Evolution of the tribe Tropheini from Lake Tanganyika: synchronized explosive speciation producing multiple evolutionary parallelism. Hydrobiologia 500:51–64Google Scholar
  47. Sturmbauer C, Fuchs C, Harb G, Damm E, Duftner N, Maderbacher M, Koch M, Koblmüller S (2008) Abundance, distribution, and territory areas of rock-dwelling Lake Tanganyika cichlid fish species. Hydrobiologia 615:57–68Google Scholar
  48. Sturmbauer C, Salzburger W, Duftner N, Schelly R, Koblmüller S (2010) Evolutionary history of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Lamprologini (Teleostei: Perciformes) derived from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA data. Mol Phylogenet Evol 57:266–284Google Scholar
  49. Sturmbauer C, Husemann M, Danley PD (2011) Explosive speciation and adaptive radiation of East African cichlid fishes. Biodiversity Hotspots 2011:333–362Google Scholar
  50. Takahashi T (2003) Systematics of Tanganyikan cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol Res 50:367–382Google Scholar
  51. Takahashi T (2008) Description of a new cichlid fish species of the genus Benthochromis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika. J Fish Biol 72:603–613Google Scholar
  52. Takahashi T, Hori M (2006) Description of a new Lake Tanganyikan cichlid fish of the genus Cyprichromis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) with a note on sexual dimorphism. J Fish Biol 68(B):174–192Google Scholar
  53. Takahashi T, Koblmüller S (2011) The adaptive radiation of cichlid fish in Lake Tanganyika: a morphological perspective. Int J Evol Biol 2011:Article ID 620754Google Scholar
  54. Takeuchi Y, Ochi H, Kohda M, Sinyinza D, Hori M (2010) A 20-year census of a rocky littoral fish community in Lake Tanganyika. Ecol Freshwater Fish 2010:239–248Google Scholar
  55. Tamura K, Dudley J, Nei M, Kumar S (2007) MEGA4: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol Biol Evol 24:1596–1599Google Scholar
  56. Tanabe AS (2011) Kakusan4 and Aminosan: two programs for comparing nonpartitioned, proportional and separate models for combined molecular phylogenetic analyses of multilocus sequence data. Mol Ecol Res 11:914–921Google Scholar
  57. Turner GF (2007) Adaptive radiation of cichlid fish. Current Biol 17:R827–R831Google Scholar
  58. Turner GF, Seehausen O, Knight ME, Allender CJ, Robinson RL (2001) How many species of cichlid fishes are there in African lakes? Mol Ecol 10:793–806Google Scholar
  59. Van Steenberge M, Vanhove MPM, Muzumani RD, Mulimbwa NT, Muterezi BF, Pariselle A, Gillardin C, Vreven E, Raeymakers JAM, Huyse T, Volckaert FAM, Nshombo MV, Snoeks J (2011) A recent inventory of the fishes of the north-western and central western coast of Lake Tanganyika (Democratic Republic Congo). Acta Ichthyol Piscat 41:201–214Google Scholar
  60. Verburg P, Bills R (2007) Two new sympatric species of Neolamprologus (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. Zootaxa 1612:25–44Google Scholar
  61. Wagner CE, McCune AR (2009) Contrasting patterns of spatial genetic structure in sympatric rock-dwelling cichlid fishes. Evolution 63:1312–1326Google Scholar
  62. Wagner CE, McCune AR, Lovette IJ (2012) Recent speciation between sympatric Tanganyikan cichlid colour morphs. Mol Ecol 21:3283–3292Google Scholar
  63. Yamaoka K (1983a) Feeding behavior and dental morphology of algae scraping cichlids (Pisces: Teleostei) in Lake Tanganyika. Afr Stud Monogr 4:77–89Google Scholar
  64. Yamaoka K (1983b) A revision of the cichlid fish genus Petrochromis from Lake Tanganyika, with description of a new species. Jpn J Ichthyol 30:129–141Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Graduate School of ScienceKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyKarl Franzens University GrazGrazAustria
  3. 3.Ecological Genetics LaboratoryNational Institute of GeneticsMishimaJapan

Personalised recommendations