Ichthyological Research

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 122–141 | Cite as

Anatomical description of the genus Perryena, and proposal to erect a new family for it based on its phylogenetic relationships with related taxa (Scorpaeniformes)

  • Yasuhiro Honma
  • Hisashi ImamuraEmail author
  • Toshio Kawai
Full Paper


Osteological and myological characters of the genus Perryena are described and the phylogenetic position of the genus is inferred cladistically on the basis of 89 character transformation series, with Perryena representing a branch off a clade comprising the Tetrarogidae, Synanceiidae, Aploactinidae, Congiopodidae, Gnathanacanthidae and Pataecidae, following an initial divergence of the family Apistidae. Perryena is not closely related to Congiopodidae, despite its historical referral to that family. In keeping with the familial rankings given to successive branches of the remaining ingroup, the new family name Perryenidae is proposed for Perryena, here designated as the type genus of the family.


Anatomy Perryena leucometopon Perryenidae fam. nov. Phylogenetic relationships Cladistics 



We wish to express our sincere thanks to Prof. Mamoru Yabe (Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University) for his valuable comments on the manuscript. We are also grateful to T. Iwamoto (CAS), T. Yoshino (formerly URM) and M. McGrouther (AMS) for providing specimens. We also express our thanks to G. S. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for English corrections. Finally, the senior author’s (Y.H.) special thanks go to his family and relatives for various assistance during his graduate-school days. This study is partly supported by “Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Asian Core Program—Establishment of research and education network on coastal marine science in Southeast Asia.”


  1. Eschmeyer WN (1998) Collection abbreviations. In: Eschmeyer WN (ed) Catalog of fishes, vols 1–3. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, pp 16–22Google Scholar
  2. Farris JA (1970) Method for computing Wagner trees. Syst Zool 19:83–92Google Scholar
  3. Fitch WN (1971) Toward defining the course of evolution: minimal change for a specific tree topology. Syst Zool 20:406–416Google Scholar
  4. Fujita K (1990) The caudal skeleton of teleostean fishes. Tokai University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  5. Gomon MF (2008) Family Congiopodidae. In: Gomon MF, Bray DJ and Kuiter RH (eds) Fishes of Australia’s southern coast. Reed New Holland, Chatswood, p 507Google Scholar
  6. Henning W (1966) Phylogenetic systematics. University of Illinois Press, UrbanaGoogle Scholar
  7. Hureau JC (1971) Notes sur la famille des Congiopodidae (Téléostéens, Perciformes): redécouverte de Zanclorhynchus spinfer Günther, 1880, aux îles Kerguelen et réhavilitation de Congiopodus kieneri (Sauvage, 1878). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 42:1019–1026Google Scholar
  8. Imamura H (1996) Phylogeny of the family Platycephalidae and related taxa (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes). Spec Divers 1:123–233Google Scholar
  9. Imamura H (2004) Phylogenetic relationships and new classification of the superfamily Scorpaenoidea (Actinopterygii: Perciformes). Spec Divers 9:1–36Google Scholar
  10. Ishii N, Imamura H (2008) Phylogeny of the family Congiopodidae (Perciformes: Scorpaenoidea), with a proposal of new classification. Ichthyol Res 55:148–161Google Scholar
  11. Maddison WP, Maddison DR (2000) MacClade, version 4. Sinaur Associates, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
  12. Mandrytsa SA (2001) Seismosensory system and classification of scorpionfishes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenodei). Perm State University Press, PermGoogle Scholar
  13. Matsubara K (1943) Studies on the scorpanoid fishes of Japan (I). Trans Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo 1:1–170Google Scholar
  14. Nelson JS (1994) Fishes of the world. 3rd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Nelson JS (2006) Fishes of the world. 4th edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Patterson C, Johnson GD (1995) The intermusclar bones and ligaments of teleostean fishes. Smithson Contrib Zool 559:1–85Google Scholar
  17. Paxton JR, Hoese DF, Allen GR, Hanley JE (1989) Zoological catalogue of Australia, vol 7. Pisces. Petromyzonidae to Carangidae. Aust Govern Publ Serv, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  18. Poss GS (1994) Family Congiopodidae. In: Gomon MF, Glover JCM, Kuiter RH (eds) The fishes of Australia’s south coast. Flora and Fauna of South Australia Handbooks Committee. State Printer, Adelaide, pp 525–526Google Scholar
  19. Shinohara G, Imamura H (2005) Anatomical description and phylogenetic classification of the orbicular velvetfishes (Scorpaenoidea: Caracanthus). Ichthyol Res 52:64–76Google Scholar
  20. Swofford DL (2002) PAUP*. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods), version 4. Sinauer Associates, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
  21. Waite ER (1922) Description of a new Australian fish of the genus Congiopodus. Rec S Aust Mus 2:215–217Google Scholar
  22. Watrous LE, Wheeler QD (1981) The out-group comparison method of character analysis. Syst Zool 30:1–11Google Scholar
  23. Whitley GP (1940) Illustrations of some Australian fishes. Aust Zool 9:397–428, pls 30–31Google Scholar
  24. Wiley EO (1981) Phylogenetics: the theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Wiley EO, Johnson GD (2010) A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. In: Nelson JS, Schultze H-P, Wilson MVH (eds) Origin and phylogenetic interrelationships of teleosts. Verlag Dr Friedrich Pfeil, München, pp 123–182Google Scholar
  26. Winterbottom R (1974) A descriptive synonymy of the striated muscles of the Teleostei. Proc Acad Nat Sci Phila 125:225–317Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Marine Biology and Biodiversity (Systematic Ichthyology)Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Marine Biology and Biodiversity (Systematic Ichthyology), Faculty of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan
  3. 3.Fisheries Science CenterThe Hokkaido University MuseumHakodateJapan

Personalised recommendations