This is the report of a new species of catfish, Kryptoglanis shajii nov. gen. and nov. sp., distinguished from all other genera of siluriform fishes by the combination of the following morphological characters: viz. the absence of dorsal fin; the presence of four pairs of barbels; an upwardly directed mouth, with a distinctly projecting lower jaw; subcutaneous eyes; anal fin completely confluent with the caudal fin; anal and caudal fins together carry 70–74 fin rays; and no spines in any of the fins. Kryptoglanis, which has a maximum recorded size of 59.1 mm in standard length, was collected from a well fed by subterranean springs. The type locality is a well located at the extreme western part of Western Ghats, near Chalakudy in Thrissur district, Kerala State, India.
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We express our gratitude to Jose Thekkan for the facilities provided. Special thanks are due to C.V. Midhu for giving access to the specimens and also for her assistance in studying the anatomy. We are grateful to N.V. Benny, C.A. Varghese and P.J. Jostin for help during collection of specimens. Thanks are also due to R. Pethiyagoda for help and support during this study. Help rendered by H.H. Ng, K.C. Gopi and K. Remadevi is also acknowledged here. Special thanks are also due to K.T. Teji, A. Gopalakrishnan, P.R. Divya and V.S. Basheer for the help and support rendered by them. Finally, we thank J.G. Lundberg, C.J. Ferraris, Jr., and Y. Iwatsuki for their valuable comments and suggestions. While planning and executing the experiments presented here, we took care not to violate the national and international laws and guidelines for the use of fishes in research.
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Vincent, M., Thomas, J. Kryptoglanis shajii, an enigmatic subterranean-spring catfish (Siluriformes, Incertae sedis) from Kerala, India. Ichthyol Res 58, 161–165 (2011) doi:10.1007/s10228-011-0206-6
- New genus
- Subterranean springs
- Western Ghats