GEDIMAP: a database of genetic diversity for Japanese freshwater fishes
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Genetic diversity is a key component of biodiversity, and thus represents important information for evolutionary and conservation biology. DNA sequence data are primary sources of information on genetic diversity and are now accumulated and managed in international databases, such as the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ), the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) Nucleotide Sequence Database, and GenBank of the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Such databases provide basic information that is used in most areas of contemporary bioscience (Brunak et al. 2002). MitoFish (Nishida 2009), a DNA database devoted to the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes of fish, supports research into fish biology, and contains links to other international DNA databases and general fish databases (e.g., FishBase; Froese and Pauly 2009).
Genetic diversity and divergence within and among local populations within a species are primary elements of biodiversity at the genetic level and...
We thank Akira Goto, Mutsumi Nishida, and Keiichi Matsuura for their helpful comments during the construction of the GEDIMAP database. The project was partially supported by Grants-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan (No. 18570086, 21370035, Biodiversity Research of the 21st Century COE: A14, and “Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research: from Genome to Ecosystem” of the GCOE) and by the Foundation of River and Watershed Environment Management (“Beautifying and Greening the Riverside Environment”).
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