Ichthyological Research

, Volume 56, Issue 2, pp 210–211 | Cite as

Rapid high-quality imaging of fishes using a flat-bed scanner

  • Dirk Steinke
  • Robert Hanner
  • Paul D. N. Hebert
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Photography has played an increasingly important role in fish taxonomy, systematic studies, aquarium literature, field guides, and fisheries literature. Images are a particularly important aid in taxonomy for recording pigmentation patterns as well as meristic and morphometric characteristics. Photographs have also been used for estimating fish weights and lengths (Baugh 1982).

Several techniques have been developed for photographing preserved fish specimens (Randall 1961; Emery and Winterbottom 1980; Flescher 1983; Holm 1989). The most popular technique (Emery and Winterbottom 1980) involves the use of an inclined glass plate inside an aquarium to stabilize the specimen and artificial lighting. This setup has two disadvantages; the imaging of specimens is slow, and small fish specimens are sometimes difficult to position between the inclined plate and the aquarium glass.

The value of digital images, termed “e-Vouchers” (Monk and Baker 2001), in documenting both specimens that are too...


Transparency Film Scanner Surface Fish Skin Fish Specimen Homogenous Illumination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Yukio Iwatsuki, Katsutoshi Watanabe and two anonymous referees for their helpful comments. This work was supported through funding to the Canadian Barcode of Life Network from Genome Canada through the Ontario Genomics Institute.


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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Steinke
    • 1
  • Robert Hanner
    • 1
  • Paul D. N. Hebert
    • 1
  1. 1.Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding, Biodiversity Institute of OntarioUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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