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Ichthyological Research

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 53–64 | Cite as

A review of the Indo-Pacific bonefishes of the Albula argentea complex, with a description of a new species

  • Koichi HidakaEmail author
  • Yukio Iwatsuki
  • John E. Randall
Full Paper

Abstract

In this statement about numbers of nominal and valid species, the bonefish Albula argentea (Forster in Bloch and Schneider 1801) of the western and South Pacific, previously regarded as an unavailable name, is a senior synonym of Albula forsteri Valenciennes (an unnecessary replacement name for A. argentea) and A. neoguinaica Valenciennes. It is easily distinguished from the wide-ranging A. glossodonta (Forsskål 1775) by its more pointed lower jaw and higher vertebral and lateral-line scale counts. It is most similar to the Indian Ocean A. oligolepis, described here as a new species, and the endemic Hawaiian A. virgata Jordan and Jordan, resurrected from synonymy. Albula argentea differs from its two related species by higher counts of pored lateral-line scales and vertebrae. It has 68–74 (mode 70) lateral-line scales vs. 61–65 (63) for A. oligolepis and 63–67 (65) for A. virgata, and 71–74 (73) vertebrae vs. 64–66 (65) for A. oligolepis and 65–68 (67) for A. virgata. Albula virgata differs further from A. oligolepis in having the pelvic fin tip reaching beyond the anus (vs. short of or just reaching anus) and higher numbers of scale rows above the lateral line 9–10 (9) vs. 7½–8 (8) for A. oligolepis.

Keywords

Albulidae Redescription Albula oligolepis sp. nov. 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We greatly appreciate specimen loans from M. Sabaj (ANSP), J. Maclaine (BMNH), A. Suzumoto (BPBM), D. Catania and T. Iwamoto (CAS), I. Nakamura and T. Nakabo (FAKU), M.A. Rogers and K. Swagel (FMNH), S. Kimura (FRLM), G. Duhamel and P. Pruvost (MNHN), K. Matsuura and G. Shinohara (MSNT), S.L. Jewett and J.T. Williams (USNM), M.E. Anderson, P.C. Heemstra, and V. Mthombeni (SAIAB), M. Bougaardt and L.J.V. Compagno (SAM), J.G. Nielsen and M. Tammes (ZMUC), and K.K.P. Lim (ZRC). We thank G.S. Hardy, Ngunguru, New Zealand, who read the initial manuscript and offered helpful comments. Furthermore, we thank W.N. Eschmeyer (CAS), D.G. Smith (USNM), and J.L. Earle (BPBM) for their valuable comments and suggestions regarding the nomenclatural problem of Albula argentea and color information of A. virgata. Special thanks to M.E. Anderson (SAIAB) for gifting a color transparency of Albula oligolepis sp. nov. This study was financially supported in part by the Sasakawa Scientific Research Grant from the Japan Science Society awarded to the first author and by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (Nos. 1364069 and 16570079) to the second author.

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichi Hidaka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yukio Iwatsuki
    • 2
  • John E. Randall
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Miyazaki, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima UniversityMiyazakiJapan
  2. 2.Division of Fisheries Sciences, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of MiyazakiMiyazakiJapan
  3. 3.Bishop MuseumHonoluluUSA

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