Ichthyological Research

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 406–414 | Cite as

A new sparid, Acanthopagrus akazakii, from New Caledonia with notes on nominal species of Acanthopagrus

  • Yukio Iwatsuki
  • Seishi Kimura
  • Tetsuo Yoshino
Full paper


A new sparid species, Acanthopagrus akazakii, is described on the basis of 12 types collected from Noumèa, New Caledonia. Acanthopagrus akazakii is most similar to Acanthopagrus berda in overall appearance but differs from the latter in having 41/2 scale rows between the 5th dorsal fin spine base and lateral line, anteriormost head scales broadly rounded without small scales anteriorly, upward- and downward-oriented portions present on anteriormost part of upper lip, a downward-oriented portion on anteriormost part of lower lip in specimens over ca. 160 mm in standard length, and upper head profile gently convex from snout tip to above eye throughout growth (vs. 31/2 scale rows between 5th dorsal fin spine base and lateral line, anteriormost head scales rounded with small scales anteriorly, no upward and downward portions in anteriormost upper and lower lips, and upper head profile becoming concave from snout tip to above eye with growth). Furthermore, A. berda develops a strong concavity of the ventral edge of the first two infraorbitals above the posterior part of upper jaw with growth, whereas A. akazakii has a generally straight series throughout growth. Nominal species in A. berda are reviewed, with notes on nominal species of Acanthopagrus.

Key words

Taxonomy Sparidae New species Acanthopagrus akazakii sp. nov. 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Akazaki, M 1962Studies on the spariform fishes: anatomy, phylogeny, ecology and taxonomy (in Japanese with English summary)Misaki Mar Biol Inst Kyoto Univ Spec Rep11368Google Scholar
  2. Akazaki, M 1984SparidaeMasuda, HAmaoka, CAraga, TUyeno, TYoshino, T eds. The fishes of the Japanese ArchipelagoTokai University PressTokyo171173pl 166–167Google Scholar
  3. Allen GR, Midgley H, Allen M (2002) Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. PerthGoogle Scholar
  4. Berg, LS 1914Fishes of the Tumen-ula River (Korea) collected by A. ICzerski Ezh Zool Muz Imp Akad Nauk19554561Google Scholar
  5. Bleeker, P 1854Faunae ichthyologicae japonicae. Species novaeNatuurkd Tijdschr Neder Indië6395426Google Scholar
  6. Bloch ME, Schneider JG (1801) M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. Carpenter, KE 2001Family SparidaeCarpenter, KENiem, VH eds. Species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific, vol 5. Bony fishes, part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae)FAORome29903003Google Scholar
  8. Castelnau, FL 1861Mémoire sur les poissons de l’Afrique australeParis Mem Poissons Afr Australe1861178Google Scholar
  9. Castelnau, FL 1873Contribution to the ichthyology of AustraliaProc Zool Acclim Soc Victoria237158Google Scholar
  10. Cuvier, G 1829Le Règne Animal, distribué d’après son organisation, pour servir de base à l’histoire naturelle des animaux et d’introduction à l’anatomie comparée. Edition 2Règne Animal21406Google Scholar
  11. Cuvier, G, Valenciennes, A 1830Historie naturelle des poissons. Tome sixième. Livre sixième. Partie I. Des Sparoïdes; Partie IIHist Nat Poissons Paris61559Google Scholar
  12. Day, F 1875The fishes of India; being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon. LondonBernard Fishes India Part11168Google Scholar
  13. Forsskål P (1775) Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae. Descr. Animalium Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Mölleri, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  14. Fowler, HW 1933Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the families Banjosidae … Enoplosidae collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer “Albatross,” chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent watersBull US Natl Mus1001465Google Scholar
  15. Gilchrist, JDF, Thompson, WW 1908Descriptions of fishes from the coast of NatalAnn S Afr Mus6145206Google Scholar
  16. Houttuyn, M 1782Beschryving van eenige Japanese visschen, en andere zee-schepzelenVerh Holl Maatsch Wet Haarlem20311350Google Scholar
  17. Hubbs, CL, Lagler, KF 1958Fishes of the Great Lakes regionBull Cranbrook Inst Sci261213Google Scholar
  18. Iwatsuki, Y, Carpenter, K 2006 Acanthopagrus taiwanensis, a new sparid fish (Perciformes), with comparisons to Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775) and other nominal speciesZootaxa1202119Google Scholar
  19. Leviton, AE, Gibbs, RH,Jr, Heal, E, Dawson, CE 1985Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyologyCopeia1985802832Google Scholar
  20. Matsuura, K 1997Fish collection building in Japan, with comments on major Japanese ichthyologistsPietsch, TAnderson, WD,Jr eds. Collection building in ichthyology and herpetology. Special publication 3American Society of Ichthyologists and HerpetologistsLawrence, KS171182Google Scholar
  21. Munro, ISR 1949Revision of Australian silver breams Mylio and Rhabdosargus Mem Queensl Mus12182223Google Scholar
  22. Peters, WCH 1852Diagnosen von neuen Flussfischen aus MossambiqueMonatsb Akad Wiss Berlin1852275276681–685Google Scholar
  23. Peters, WCH 1855Uebersicht der in Mossambique beobachteten FischeArch Naturgeschichte21234282257–282Google Scholar
  24. Russell, P 1803Descriptions and figures of two hundred fishes; collected at Vizagapatam on the coast of Coromandel, vol 1W. Bulmer & CoLondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Skelton, PH 2003Change of institution name and collection abbreviationIchthyol Res50106Google Scholar
  26. Smith, JLB, Smith, MM 1986Family no. 183: SparidaeSmith, MMHeemstra, PC eds. Smiths’ sea fishesMacmillan South AfricaJohannesburg580595Google Scholar
  27. Whiteley, GP 1935Studies in ichthyology. No 9Rec Aust Mus19215250Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Fisheries Sciences, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of MiyazakiMiyazakiJapan
  2. 2.Fisheries Research LaboratoryMie UniversityMieJapan
  3. 3.Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of the RyukyusOkinawaJapan

Personalised recommendations