Ichthyological Research

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 379–397 | Cite as

The Saurida undosquamis group (Aulopiformes: Synodontidae), with description of a new species from southern Japan

  • Takehiko InoueEmail author
  • Tetsuji Nakabo
Full paper


Four lizardfishes of Saurida (family Synodontidae), S. undosquamis, S. umeyoshii sp. nov., S. macrolepis, and S. longimanus, are described. All are recognized here as the Saurida undosquamis group, characterized by having dark dots on the upper margin of the caudal fin, pectoral fin exceeding origin to pelvic fin, anterior rays of dorsal fin neither elongate nor filamentous, predorsal length greater than distance between dorsal-fin and adipose-fin origins, 46–55 pored lateral-line scales, and vomer with 0–8 teeth. Saurida undosquamis, from northern West India and West Pacific, excluding East Asia, differs from others in having lateral-line scales ridged on the caudal peduncle, conspicuously concave posterior margin of the pectoral fin, 51–55 pored lateral-line scales, and 50–53 vertebrae. Saurida umeyoshii sp. nov., from southern Japan and the East China Sea, is defined by three rows of indistinct dark blotches on, above, and below the lateral line, distribution of scale pockets with melanophores on their posterior part extending over the entire abdominal region from the lateral line in specimens over ca. 130 mm SL, lateral-line scales not ridged on caudal peduncle, 49–52 pored lateral-line scales, and 48–50 vertebrae. Saurida macrolepis, from the Indo-West Pacific, is characterized by 46–49 pored lateral-line scales and 45–48 vertebrae. Saurida longimanus, from northern West India, northwest Australia, and southern Indonesia, differs from the others in having a long pectoral fin extending past the origin of the dorsal fin. Some geographic variations are found in S. macrolepis. Saurida grandisquamis is confirmed as a junior synonym of S. undosquamis, based on examination of the type specimens. A key to species in the S. undosquamis group is included.

Key words

Synodontidae Saurida undosquamis group Taxonomic review Saurida umeyoshii sp. nov. 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abe, T, Pathansali, D 1974SynodontidaeFisher, WWhitehead, PJP eds. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes, Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific, vol IVFAORome114Google Scholar
  2. Allen, GR 1996Marine fishes of tropical Australia and South-East AsiaWestern Australian MuseumPerthGoogle Scholar
  3. Castelnau, FL 1879Essay on the ichthyology of Port JacksonProc Linn Soc NSW3347402Google Scholar
  4. Cressey, RF 1986SynodontidaeSmith, MMHeemstra, PC eds. Smith's sea fishesSpringerBerlin270273Google Scholar
  5. Cressey, RF, Waples, RS 1984SynodontidaeFisher, WBianchi, G eds. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes, Western Indian Ocean, vol IVFAORome128Google Scholar
  6. Dor, M 1984Clofres. Checklist of the fishes of the Red SeaThe Israel Academy of Sciences and HumanitiesJerusalemGoogle Scholar
  7. Eschmeyer, WN 1998Volume 2. Species of fishes (M–Z)Eschmeyer, WN eds. Catalog of fishesCalifornia Academy of SciencesSan Francisco9591820Google Scholar
  8. Fowler, HW 1928The fishes of Oceania, vol X. Memoirs of the Bernice PBishop MuseumHonoluluGoogle Scholar
  9. Fowler, HW, Bean, BA 1922Fishes from Formosa and the Philippine IslandsProc US Natl Mus62173Google Scholar
  10. Gloerfelt-Tarp T, Kailola PJ (1984) Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Directorate General Fisheries, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  11. Gomon, MF 1994HarpadontidaeGomon, MFGlover, JCMKuiter, RH eds. The fishes of Australia's south coastState PrintingAdelaide270271Google Scholar
  12. Goren, M, Dor, M 1994Clofres II. An updated checklist of the fishes of the Red SeaThe Israel Academy of Sciences and HumanitiesJerusalemGoogle Scholar
  13. Grant, E 1987Fishes of AustraliaE.M. GrantScarboroughGoogle Scholar
  14. Günther, A 1864Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum, vol VBritish MuseumLondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Hardenberg, JDF 1933Some new or rare fishes of the Indo Australian Archipelago. IITreubia14215226Google Scholar
  16. Heemstra, PC 1995SynodontidaeSmith, MMHeemstra, PC eds. Smith's sea fishes, 1st ednJLB Smith Institute of IchthyologyGrahamstown270273Google Scholar
  17. Huang, ZG 2001Marine species and their distribution in China's SeasKriegerMalabarGoogle Scholar
  18. Hutchins, JB 2001Checklist of the fishes of Western AustraliaRec West Aust Mus63950Google Scholar
  19. ICZN (The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature)1999International code of zoological nomenclature, 4th edn. Adopted by the General Assembly of the International Union of Biological SciencesInternational Trust for Zoological NomenclatureLondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Jordan, DS, Hubbs, CL 1925Record of fishes obtained by David Starr Jordan in Japan, 1922Mem Carnegie Mus1093346Google Scholar
  21. Krishnan, S, Mishra, SS 1993On a collection of fish from Kakinada-Gopalpur sector of the east coast of IndiaRec Zool Surv India93201240Google Scholar
  22. Kuronuma, K, Abe, Y 1972Fishes of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchDai NipponTokyoGoogle Scholar
  23. Kyushin, K, Amaoka, K, Nakaya, K, Ida, H 1973Fishes of Andaman Sea and adjacent watersJapan Marine Fishery Resource Research CenterTokyoGoogle Scholar
  24. Kyushin, K, Amaoka, K, Nakaya, K, Ida, H 1977Fishes of Indian OceanJapan Marine Fishery Resource Research CenterTokyoGoogle Scholar
  25. Kyushin, K, Amaoka, K, Nakaya, K, Ida, H, Tanino, Y, Senta, T 1982Fishes of the South China SeaJapan Marine Fishery Resource Research CenterTokyoGoogle Scholar
  26. Leviton, AE, Gibbs, RH,Jr, Heal, E, Dawson, CE 1985Standards in herpetology and ichthyology, part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyologyCopeia1985802832Google Scholar
  27. Machida, Y 1984Family SynodontidaeMasuda, HAmaoka, KAraga, CUyeno, TYoshino, T eds. The fishes of the Japanese ArchipelagoTokai University PressTokyo6061pl 62Google Scholar
  28. Macleay, W 1881A descriptive catalogue of Australian fishes. Part IVProc Linn Soc NSW6202387Google Scholar
  29. Manilo, LG, Bogorodsky, SV 2003Taxonomic composition, diversity and distribution of coastal fishes of the Arabian SeaJ Ichthyol43S75S149Google Scholar
  30. Mansor MI, Kohno H, Ida H, Nakamura HT, Aznan Z, Abdullah S (1998) Field guide to important commercial marine fishes of the South China Sea. Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  31. Matsubara, K 1955Fish morphology and hierarchy, part (in Japanese)Ishizaki-shotenTokyoGoogle Scholar
  32. Matsubara, K, Iwai, T 1951Comparative study of the lizard-fishes referred to the genus Saurida found in the waters of Japan and ChinaMem Coll Agric Kyoto Univ591930Google Scholar
  33. McCulloch, AR 1929A check-list of the fishes recorded from AustraliaAust Mus Memoir VPt I1144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mok, HK 1993AulopiformesShen, SC eds. Fishes of TaiwanDepartment of Zoology, National Taiwan UniversityTaipei156159pls 34–35Google Scholar
  35. Moshin, AKM, Ambak, MA 1996Marine fishes & fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countriesUniversity Pertanian Malaysia PressSerdangGoogle Scholar
  36. Nakabo, T 2002Introduction to ichthyologyNakabo, T eds. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, English ednTokai University PressTokyoxxixliiGoogle Scholar
  37. Norman, JR 1935A revision of the lizard-fishes of the genera Synodus, Trachinocephalus, and Saurida Proc Zool Soc Lond199135Google Scholar
  38. Norman, JR 1939Fishes. The John Murray expedition 1933–34Sci Rep71116Google Scholar
  39. Okada, Y, Matsubara, K 1938Keys to the fishes and fish-like animals of Japan (in Japanese)SanseidoTokyoGoogle Scholar
  40. Paxton, JR, Hoese, DF, Allen, GR, Hanley, JE 1989Zoological catalogue of Australia, vol 7. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to CarangidaeAustralian Government Publishing ServiceCanberraGoogle Scholar
  41. Randall, JE 1995Coastal fishes of OmanUniversity of Hawaii PressHonoluluGoogle Scholar
  42. Randall, JE, Lim, KKP 2000A checklist of the fishes of the South China SeaRaffles Bull Zool8569667Google Scholar
  43. Randall, JE, Allen, GR, Steene, RC 1997Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea, revised and expanded editionCrawford HouseBathurstGoogle Scholar
  44. Relyea, K 1981Inshore fishes of the Arabian GulfAllen & UnwinLondonGoogle Scholar
  45. Richardson J (1844–1848) Ichthyology. In: Richardson J, Gray JE (eds) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. “Erebus & Terror,” under the command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, during the years 1839 to 1843. London, pp 138–139, pl 51Google Scholar
  46. Russell, BC 1999SynodontidaeCarpenter, KENiem, WH eds. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific, vol 3FAORome19281945Google Scholar
  47. Sadvoy, Y, Cornish, AS 2000Reef fishes of Hong KongHong Kong University PressHong KongGoogle Scholar
  48. Sainsbury KJ, Kailola PJ, Leyland GG (1985) Continental shelf fishes of northern and south-eastern Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Clouston & Hall and Peter Pownall Fisheries Information Service, Canberra, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  49. Sato, T 2001SynodontidaeNakabo, TMachida, YYamaoka, KNishida, K eds. Fishes of the Kuroshio Current, JapanOsaka Aquarium, KaiyukanOsaka152Google Scholar
  50. Shindo, S, Yamada, U 1972aDescriptions of three new species of the lizardfish genus Saurida, with a key to its Indo-Pacific speciesUo (Jpn Soc Ichthyol)11113Google Scholar
  51. Shindo, S, Yamada, U 1972bDescriptions of three new species of the lizardfish genus Saurida, with a key to its Indo-Pacific species (continued from no. 11, p. 13)Uo (Jpn Soc Ichthyol)12114Google Scholar
  52. Sommer, C, Schneider, W, Poutiers, JM 1996The living marine resources of SomaliaFAORomeGoogle Scholar
  53. Sulak, KJ 1984SynodontidaeWhitehead, PJPBeauchot, MLHureau, JCNielsen, JTortonese, E eds. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, vol 1UNESCONew York405411Google Scholar
  54. Tanaka, S 1917Six new species from Japanese waters (in Japanese)Zool Mag (Tokyo)293740Google Scholar
  55. Tanaka, S 1921Ichthyology of Japan, vol. 1 (in Japanese)ShokaboTokyoGoogle Scholar
  56. Tatara, K 1950On the lizardfishes of the genus Saurida found in the East China Sea (in Japanese)J Demersal Res East China Yellow Seas12731Google Scholar
  57. Tomiyama, I, Abe, T 1958VertebratesTomiyama, IAbe, TTokioka, T eds. Encyclopaedia zoologica illustrated in colours, vol 2HokuryukanTokyo1342Google Scholar
  58. Wang, WB 1962Synodidae eds. Fishes of South China SeaScience PressBeijing149156Google Scholar
  59. Wang, WB 1963SynodidaeChu, YTTchang, TLChang, CT eds. Fishes of East China SeaScience PressBeijing126133Google Scholar
  60. Weber, M 1911Die Fische der Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Ein Beitrag zur Zoogeographie dieser InselnAbh Herausg Senckenb Naturforsch Ges Frankfurt34149pls 1–2Google Scholar
  61. Weber, M, Beaufort, LF 1913The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago, vol IIBrillLeidenGoogle Scholar
  62. Yamada, U 1986SynodontidaeYamada, UTagawa, MKishida, SHongo, K eds. Fishes of the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea (in Japanese)Seikai Regional Fisheries Research LaboratoryNagasaki8291Google Scholar
  63. Yamada, U 1993Family SynodontidaeNakabo, T eds. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species (in Japanese)Tokai University PressTokyo3093131272–1273Google Scholar
  64. Yamada, U 1997SynodontidaeOkamura, OAmaoka, K eds. Sea fishes of Japan (in Japanese)Yama-keiTokyo111115Google Scholar
  65. Yamada, U 2002Family SynodontidaeNakabo, T eds. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, English ednTokai University PressTokyo3533541483–1484Google Scholar
  66. Yamada, U, Ikemoto, R 1979A quick identification of three species of lizard fish, Saurida, in the Japanese and adjacent watersBull Seikai Reg Fish Res Lab526169Google Scholar
  67. Yamada, U, Irie, T 1992“Ma-eso S type” and “Ma-eso N type” (in Japanese)Seikaiku Suisan Kenkyusho News701Google Scholar
  68. Yamada, U, Shirai, S, Irie, T, Tokimura, M, Deng, SM, Zheng, YJ, Li, CS, Kim, YK, Kim, YS 1995Names and illustrations of fishes from the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea: Japanese, Chinese, KoreanOverseas Fishery Cooperative FoundationTokyoGoogle Scholar
  69. Yamakawa, T 1984SynodontidaeOkamura, OKitajima, T eds. Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters, part IJapan Fisheries Resource Conservation AssociationTokyo160161Google Scholar
  70. Yamaoka, K, Nishiyama, M, Taniguchi, N 1989Genetic divergence in lizardfishes of the genus Saurida from southern JapanJpn J Ichthyol36208219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zhang, QY 1984SynodidaeChu, YT eds. The fishes of Fujian provinceFujian Science and Technology PressFujian165176Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.The Kyoto University MuseumKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations