Ichthyological Research

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 327–336 | Cite as

Homologies of the adductor mandibulae muscles in Tetraodontiformes as indicated by nerve branching patterns

Article

Abstract

Homologies of the adductor mandibulae muscles in eight families of Tetraodontiformes were hypothesized from the branching patterns of ramus mandibularis trigeminus. Insertions of the muscles to the upper or lower jaw were weak indicators of homology, migrations of the sites occurring frequently in A1, A2α, A2β, and A3. In monacanthids, tetraodontids, and diodontids, A1 tended to be split into numerous subsections, whereas in aracanids and ostraciids, A3 was highly developed, comprising three or four subsections. In tetraodontids, A2β was found to be a composite of A1 subsection and A2β. The methods of and limits to applying nerve branching patterns to muscle homology are discussed. A new naming system that reflects both muscle homologies and insertions is proposed.

Key words

Muscles Nerves Homology Tetraodontiformes 

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Biology, Faculty of ScienceKochi UniversityKochiJapan

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