A new species of amblycipitid catfish, Xiurenbagrus gigas (Teleostei: Siluriformes), from Guangxi, China
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A new species of amblycipitid catfish is described based on five specimens (88.0–164.5 mm in standard length: SL) collected from the vicinity of Du’an, Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, southern China. The new species, Xiurenbagrus gigas, is different from all other known amblycipitid catfish, but similar to X. xiurenensis by having two patches of vomerine teeth. The new species can be distinguished from X. xiurenensis by having a larger head (head length: 27.9–34.9% vs. 21.8–26.4% SL; head depth: 14.4–17.9% vs. 12.4–14.1% SL; head width: 22.4–29.4% vs. 18.1–20.3% SL), lower adipose fin (4.6–6.0% vs. 6.5–8.3% SL), shorter distance from dorsal origin to adipose origin (25.7–32.0% vs. 32.9–38.9% SL), longer dorsal fin (21.2–24.9% vs. 16.2–19.1% SL), longer pectoral fin (18.4–20.7% vs. 13.5–16.8% SL), longer pelvic fin (13.1–14.3% vs. 8.8–11.8% SL), and more gill rakers (7–9 vs. 5). Xiurenbagrus gigas, the largest known species in the family Amblycipitidae, is distributed in the Xijiang River, the longest tributary of the Zhujiang (Pearl) River basin.
Key wordsXiurenbagrus Amblycipitidae New species China
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