European Journal of Psychology of Education

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 269–280 | Cite as

Using implicit measures to highlight science teachers’ implicit theories of intelligence



Using an innovative method, a Single-Target Implicit Association Test (ST-IAT) was created to explore the implicit theories of intelligence among science and liberal arts teachers and their relationships with their gender. The results showed that for science teachers—especially for male teachers—there was a negative implicit association between “intelligence” and “modifiable” stimuli, whereas liberal arts teachers had no implicit association between these two variables. The results are discussed in comparison with previous explicit measures, and the implications for teacher training are highlighted.


Implicit theories of intelligence Single-target implicit association test Teachers Science Mathematics Gender 


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Copyright information

© Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Mascret
    • 1
  • Peggy Roussel
    • 1
  • François Cury
    • 1
  1. 1.Aix Marseille UniversitéMarseilleFrance

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