European Journal of Psychology of Education

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 347–366 | Cite as

The mediating role of socio-motivational support in the association between individual school self-concept and achievement motivation amongst adolescent students

  • Olga Bakadorova
  • Diana Raufelder


It is now well known that adolescence is frequently marked by a decline in students' achievement motivation, which in turn is often associated with a decline in individual school self-concept. Less is known about the mediating role of socio-motivational support in the association between individual school self-concept and achievement motivation. The current study examined the interplay of individual school self-concept, socio-motivational support and achievement motivation in a large sample of seventh and eighth grade students (N = 1,088; M Age = 13.7) in secondary schools in Brandenburg, Germany. Structural equation modeling was used to test the associations between individual school self-concept, socio-motivational support, and achievement motivation. The results showed that the teacher–student relationship as well as “teachers as positive motivators” mediated the association between individual school self-concept and achievement motivation. In contrast, neither “peers as positive motivators” nor the student–student relationship mediated this association. These results support the notion that maintaining a positive teacher–student relationship as well as encouraging teachers in the role of positive motivators could be an effective starting point for prevention and intervention programs aimed at offsetting the decline in individual school self-concept and achievement motivation during adolescence.


Individual school self-concept Social relationships Achievement motivation Socio-motivational support Structural equation modeling Mediation 



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© Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational Science and Psychology, AB Methods and Evaluation, Project SELF - Schumpeter Fellowship Volkswagen FoundationFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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