European Journal of Psychology of Education

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 1289–1309 | Cite as

Preservice teachers’ work stress, self-efficacy, and occupational commitment in four countries

  • Robert KlassenEmail author
  • Elaine Wilson
  • Angela F. Y. Siu
  • Wanwisa Hannok
  • Marina W. Wong
  • Nongkran Wongsri
  • Panwadee Sonthisap
  • Chaleosri Pibulchol
  • Yanisa Buranachaitavee
  • Anchalee Jansem


In this study, we examine the teaching-related stress, self-efficacy, and occupational commitment of preservice teachers from two culturally western and two culturally eastern countries. The sample included 1,187 participants from Canada (n = 379), England (n = 203), Hong Kong (n = 211), and Thailand (n = 394). Self-efficacy partially reduced (mediated) the effect of stress from student behavior and from workload on commitment in three of four contexts. Mediation tests with country as moderator revealed significant differences in the strength of the mediating effect across the four contexts. The results suggest that teachers’ self-efficacy changes the way in which work stress influences the commitment to continue teaching, although cultural milieu influences the nature of the relationship according to context.


Teacher motivation Self-efficacy Job stress Commitment 



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Copyright information

© Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Klassen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elaine Wilson
    • 2
  • Angela F. Y. Siu
    • 3
  • Wanwisa Hannok
    • 4
  • Marina W. Wong
    • 5
  • Nongkran Wongsri
    • 6
  • Panwadee Sonthisap
    • 6
  • Chaleosri Pibulchol
    • 7
  • Yanisa Buranachaitavee
    • 7
  • Anchalee Jansem
    • 7
  1. 1.Psychology in Education Research CentreUniversity of YorkYorkUK
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Department of Educational Psychology, Room 208, Ho Tim BuildingChinese University of Hong KongMa Liu ShuiHong Kong
  4. 4.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  5. 5.David Lam Building, Department of Education StudiesHong Kong Baptist UniversityKowloon TongHong Kong
  6. 6.Saint Louis CollegeBangkokThailand
  7. 7.Srinakharinwirot UniversityBangkokThailand

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