acta ethologica

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 9–13 | Cite as

Are there lessons from negative results in studies using video playback?

  • I. Schlupp


The use of video playback is a growing practice in animal behaviour. Studies that lead to unpredicted negative results are often considered failures and remain unpublished. In this article I review some of the published and unpublished studies that have led to negative results. Analysis of these studies suggests that no particular problem is responsible for more than a small number of negative results. I suggest further investigation of the potential causes of these negative results to assess their importance to the outcome of video playback experiments.

Key words Video playback Animation Poecilia formosa 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag and ISPA 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Schlupp
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Martin-Luther-King Platz 3, 20146 Hamburg, Germany e-mail: Tel.: +49-40-428383933, Fax: +49-40-428383937DE

Personalised recommendations