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acta ethologica

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 9–13 | Cite as

Are there lessons from negative results in studies using video playback?

  • I. Schlupp
Review

Abstract 

The use of video playback is a growing practice in animal behaviour. Studies that lead to unpredicted negative results are often considered failures and remain unpublished. In this article I review some of the published and unpublished studies that have led to negative results. Analysis of these studies suggests that no particular problem is responsible for more than a small number of negative results. I suggest further investigation of the potential causes of these negative results to assess their importance to the outcome of video playback experiments.

Key words Video playback Animation Poecilia formosa 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag and ISPA 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Schlupp
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Martin-Luther-King Platz 3, 20146 Hamburg, Germany e-mail: schlupp@uni-hamburg.de Tel.: +49-40-428383933, Fax: +49-40-428383937DE

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