Are urban public libraries websites accessible to Americans with Disabilities?
- 150 Downloads
This paper examines to what extent the 129 members of the Urban Public Libraries Council meet the Section 508 standards for accessibility under the Rehabilitation Act, the minimum acceptable standard for accessibility under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Using an HTML evaluation tool, WAVE, the HTML coding of the libraries’ homepages was evaluated according to the Section 508 criteria for accessibility. After one-to-one deep examination to determine the accessibility of the library websites, the results tended to mirror other studies showing that most library websites have some coding deficiencies that limit the accessibility of the websites. Notably, only 7 of the 122 libraries that were surveyed had no Section 508 errors present with their homepages.
KeywordsAccessibility Public libraries Urban libraries Policy Disability Impairment ADA Compliance Section 508 Assistive technology Universal usability
- 1.United States Department of Labor: Disability Resources. http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/disability/ada.htm. Last modified 2015
- 2.United States Access Bureau: Section 508 Standards for Electronic and Information Technology. https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/section-508-standards. Accessed Jan 2016
- 3.United States Census Bureau: QuickFacts Beta. http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045214/00. Accessed Jan 2016
- 4.WebAIM.org: Section 508 Checklist. http://webaim.org/standards/508/checklist. Accessed Jan 2016
- 5.United States Census Bureau: American Community Survey and Puerto Rico Community Survey 2013 Subject Definitions. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/data_documentation/SubjectDefinitions/2013_ACSSubjectDefinitions.pdf. Accessed Jan 2016
- 6.Brault, M.: Americans with Disabilities: 2010. Household Economic Studies, July 2012, pp. 70–131. http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p70-131.pdf
- 7.Brault, M.: Prevalence of disability for selected age groups: 2005 and 2010. July 2012. http://www.census.gov/people/disability/publications/sipp2010.html
- 8.American Library Association: The state of America’s libraries. American Libraries, Special Issue (2013). http://www.ala.org/news/sites/ala.org.news/files/content/2013-State-of-Americas-Libraries-Report.pdf
- 12.Wave.webaim.org: Web accessibility evaluation tool. http://wave.webaim.org/. Last modified Jan 2016
- 13.Urban Libraries Council: Library members. http://www.urbanlibraries.org/library-members-pages-49.php. Accessed Jan 2016
- 14.Opening doors to IT, Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. http://www.section508.gov/Section-508-Of-The-Rehabilitation-Act. Accessed Jan 2015
- 15.Solovieva, T., Bock, J.: Monitoring for accessibility and university websites: meeting the needs of people with disabilities. J. Postsecond. Educ. Disabil. 27(2), 113–127 (2014)Google Scholar