Universal Access in the Information Society

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 155–175 | Cite as

Evaluating a modified Google user interface via screen reader

  • Barbara Leporini
  • Patrizia Andronico
  • Marina Buzzi
  • Carlos Castillo
Long Paper


This paper describes the progress of a research project aimed at improving the usability of web search tools for blind users who interact via screen readers and voice synthesizers. In the first stage of research, specific guidelines were proposed for simplifying the interaction with search engines for the blind. To evaluate these criteria, they were applied to Google user interfaces, by re-implementing the search form as well as the results page. Finally, the redesigned interfaces were evaluated through remote testing with 12 totally blind users. The results highlighted how Google, although already accessible, may be further improved in order to simplify interaction for people with impaired vision.


Accessibility Usability User interface Blind users Search engine 



We thank all the participants in our user testing who made an enthusiastic effort to help us in our research, and the reviewers of this paper for their very useful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Leporini
    • 1
  • Patrizia Andronico
    • 2
  • Marina Buzzi
    • 2
  • Carlos Castillo
    • 3
  1. 1.CNR-ISTIPisaItaly
  2. 2.CNR-IITPisaItaly
  3. 3.Università la Sapienza RomaRomeItaly

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