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Foundations of Computational Mathematics

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 689–720 | Cite as

Effective Approximation for the Semiclassical Schrödinger Equation

  • Philipp Bader
  • Arieh IserlesEmail author
  • Karolina Kropielnicka
  • Pranav Singh
Article

Abstract

The computation of the semiclassical Schrödinger equation presents major challenges because of the presence of a small parameter. Assuming periodic boundary conditions, the standard approach consists of semi-discretisation with a spectral method, followed by an exponential splitting. In this paper we sketch an alternative strategy. Our analysis commences with the investigation of the free Lie algebra generated by differentiation and by multiplication with the interaction potential: it turns out that this algebra possesses a structure which renders it amenable to a very effective form of asymptotic splitting: exponential splitting where consecutive terms are scaled by increasing powers of the small parameter. This leads to methods which attain high spatial and temporal accuracy and whose cost scales as \({\mathcal {O}}\!\left( M\log M\right) \), where \(M\) is the number of degrees of freedom in the discretisation.

Keywords

Semiclassical Schrödinger equation Exponential splittings Zassenhaus splitting Spectral collocation Krylov subspace methods 

Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 65M70 Secondary 35Q41 65L05 65F60 

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Copyright information

© SFoCM 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philipp Bader
    • 1
  • Arieh Iserles
    • 2
    Email author
  • Karolina Kropielnicka
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pranav Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Matemática MultidisciplinarUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Applied Mathematics and Mathematical PhysicsUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematics, University of GdańskGdańskPoland

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