Poiesis & Praxis

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 41–52

Trust and functional foods. New products, old issues

Forum

Abstract

Trust in the "agro-food" sector has been declining in recent years reflecting a general decline of trust in traditional decision making processes. The introduction of new technologies in the production of foods re-introduces the problem of trust and highlights the parameters affecting its structure and direction. This paper discusses the issue of trust in relation to the introduction of functional foods into the market. Trust is assessed as both a philosophical and a psychological construct with particular emphasis on its communication aspects. The paper ends with specific recommendations for action in the agro-food sector.

Keywords

Trust Food ethics Technology assessment Functional foods 

References

  1. Arrow K (1974) The limits of organization. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Baier A (1986) Trust and antitrust. Ethics 96:231–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barber B (1983) The logic and limits of trust. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  4. Beck U (1992) Risk society. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Becker L (1996) Trust as noncognitive security about motives. Ethics 107:43–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bredahl L (2001) Determinants of consumer attitudes and purchase intentions with regard to genetically modified foods—results of a cross-national survey. J Consumer Policy 24:23–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Corporatewatch (2000) The next generation of frankenfoods: so-called "functional foods". Report taken from the UK website of Corporatewatch, June 2000Google Scholar
  8. Diplock AT, Aggett PJ, Ashwell M, Bornet F, Fern EB, Roberfroid MB (1999) Scientific concepts of functional foods in Europe: consensus document. Brit J Nutr 81:supplement 1Google Scholar
  9. Earle TC, Siegrist M, Gutscher H (2002) Trust and confidence: a dual-mode model of cooperation. Western Washington University, USAGoogle Scholar
  10. Earle TC, Cvetkovich G (1995) Social trust: toward a cosmopolitan society. Praeger, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Earle TC, Cvetkovich G (1994) Risk communication: the social construction of meaning and trust. In: Brehmer B, Sahlin NE (eds) Future risks and risk management. Kluwer Academic, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  12. Euromonitor (2000) Functional foods: a world survey. Euromonitor, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Frewer LJ, Howard C, Hedderley D, Shepherd R (1996) What determines trust in information about food-related risks? Underlying psychological constructs. Risk Anal16:473–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fukuyama F (1995) Trust—the social virtues and the creation of prosperity. Simon and Schuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Goldberg I (1994) Functional foods, designer foods, pharmafoods, neutraceuticals. Chapman & Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Heasman M, Mellentin J (2001) Eating and drinking in the risk society—implications of risk for functional food. The functional foods revolution—healthy people, healthy profits? Earthscan, vol 4, pp 79–96, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Holton R (1994) Deciding to trust, coming to believe. Australa J Philos 72:63–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jackson J (2000) Truth, trust and medicine. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnson BB, Slovic P (1995) Presenting uncertainty in health risk assessment: initial studies of its effects on risk perception and trust. Risk Anal 15:485–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liakopoulos M (2001) The politics of technology assessment. In: Decker M (ed) Interdisciplinarity in technology assessment; implementation and its chances and limits. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Luhmann N (1979) Trust and power. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  22. Menrad M, Hüsing B, Menrad K, Reiß T, Beer-Borst S, Zenger CA (2000) Technology assessment: functional food. Schweizerischer Wissenschaftsrat, BernGoogle Scholar
  23. Midden CJH, Boy D, Einsiedel E, Fjaestadt B, Gaskell G, Liakopoulos M, Miller J, Olsson S, Wagner W (2002) The structure of public perceptions. In: Gaskell G, Bauer M (eds) Biotechnology and the public. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  24. O'Neill O (2002) Autonomy and trust in bioethics. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Poulsen JB (1999) Danisch consumers' attitudes towards functional foods. MAPP Working paper no 62, 2Google Scholar
  26. Renn O, Levine D (1991) Credibility and trust in risk communication. In: Kasperson RF, Stallen PJM (eds) Communicating risks to the public: international perspectives. Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  27. Seligman A (1997) The problem of trust. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  28. Slovic P (1993) Perceived risk, trust, and democracy. Risk Anal 13:675–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sztompka P (1999) Trust—a sociological theory. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  30. TAB (1999) Functional food – Funktionelle Lebensmittel. Report to the German Parliamentary Office of Technology Assessment, Berlin, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  31. Verbeke W, Viaene J (2001) Consumer attitudes towards functional foods: exploring knowledge, perception and acceptance. Eursafe 2001:401–404Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Europaeische Akademie GmbHBad Neuenahr-AhrweilerGermany
  2. 2.Centre for Professional EthicsUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

Personalised recommendations