Advertisement

Limnology

pp 1–8 | Cite as

Modern lake ecosystem management by sustainable harvesting and effective utilization of aquatic macrophytes

  • Syuhei BanEmail author
  • Tatsuki Toda
  • Mitsuhiko Koyama
  • Kanako Ishikawa
  • Ayato Kohzu
  • Akio Imai
Special Feature: Review Ecological and limnological bases for management of overgrown macrophytes

Abstract

There are many problems related to overgrowth of aquatic macrophytes in many lakes and rivers throughout the world; for instance, the harvesting costs in Lake Biwa have been increasing by 200 million Japanese yen a year (equivalent to 1.8 million USD). Historically, aquatic macrophytes were harvested for use as fertilizer in agriculture in Japan, but are no longer in use because chemical fertilizers promote plant growth more effectively and are easier and cheaper to use. Thus, developing effective ways to utilize aquatic macrophytes is important to resolve this issue. In addition, sustainably harvesting macrophytes is also important for aquatic ecosystem management because macrophytes play a key role in aquatic ecosystems as nursery grounds and refuges for other small organisms living in the littoral area. Therefore, management and effective utilization of macrophytes through sustainable harvesting may play an important role in the conservation of lake ecosystems. In this short review, a recycling system using anaerobic digestion (AD) of submerged macrophytes, which were sustainably harvested from lakes, and microalgal mass culturing with AD effluent were introduced as a new technique for the conservation of lake ecosystems.

Keywords

Ecosystem managements Aquatic macrophytes Sustainable utilization Anaerobic digestion Mass culture of microalgae 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions for our manuscript. This study was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (4-1406).

References

  1. Abbasi SA, Nipaney PC, Schaumberg GD (1990) Bioenergy potential of eight common aquatic weeds. Biol Waste 34:359–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Appels L, Lauwers J, Degréve J, Helsen L, Lievens B, Willems K, Van Impe J, Dewil R (2011) Anaerobic digestion in global bio-energy production: potential and research challenges. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15:4295–4301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asada S (2012) Treatment methods for overgrowing aquatic weeds. Public Works Manag J (November issue):74–78 (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Barton BA, Taylor BR (1996) Oxygen requirements of fishes in Northern Alberta rivers with a general review of the adverse effects of low dissolved oxygen. Water Qual Res J Canada 31:361–409Google Scholar
  5. Canfield DE Jr, Shireman JW, Colle DE, Haller WT, Watkins CEII, Maceina MJ (1984) Prediction of chlorophyll a concentrations in Florida lakes: importance of aquatic macrophytes. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 41:497–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carpenter SR, Lodge DM (1986) Effects of submerged macrophytes on ecosystem processes. Aquat Bot 26:341–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carrere H, Antonopoulou G, Affes R, Passos F, Battimelli A, Lyberatos G, Ferrer I (2016) Review of feedstock pretreatment strategies for improved anaerobic digestion: from lab-scale research to full-scale application. Bioresour Technol 199:386–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chandra R, Takeuchi H, Hasegawa T (2012) Methane production from lignocellulosic agricultural crop wastes: a review in context to second generation of biofuel production. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 16:1462–1476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen M, Tang H, Maa H, Holland TC, Simon Ng KY, Salley SO (2011) Effect of nutrients on growth and lipid accumulation in the green algae Dunaliella tertiolecta. Bioresource Technol 102:1649–1655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collos Y, Harrison PJ (2014) Acclimation and toxicity of high ammonium concentrations to unicellular algae. Mar Pollut Bull 80:8–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Pauw N, Morales J, Persoone G (1984) Mass culture of microalgae in aquaculture systems: progress and constraints. Hydrobiologia 116(117):121–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dominguez-Bocanegra AR, Legarreta IG, Jeronimo FM, Campocosio AT (2004) Influence of environmental and nutritional factors in the production of astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis. Bioresource Technol 92:209–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fernandes TV, Klaasse Bos GJ, Zeeman G, Sanders JPM, van Lier JB (2009) Effects of thermo-chemical pre-treatment on anaerobic biodegradability and hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresource Technol 100:2575–2579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2002) Management of problematic aquatic weeds in Africa. FAO efforts and achievements during the period 1991–2001Google Scholar
  15. Garcia-Malea Lopez MC, Del Rio Sanchez E, Lopez JLC, Fernandez FGA, Sevilla JMF, Rivas J, Guerrero MG, Grima EM (2006) Comparative analysis of the outdoor culture of Haematococcus pluvialis in tubular and bubble column photobioreactors. J Biotechnol 123:329–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grima EM, Sevilla JMF, Fernández FGA (2009) Microalgae Mass Culture Methods. Wiley Online Library.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470054581.eib418 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Haga H (2015) Historical change and recent extraordinarily luxuriant of submerged macrophytes in the sourth basin of Lake Biwa. J Environ Conserv Eng 44:482–487 (In Japanese) Google Scholar
  18. Haga H, Ishikawa K (2011) Spatial distribution of submerged macrophytes in the southern basin of Lake Biwa in the summer of 2007, in comparison with that in 2002. Jpn J Limnol 72:81–88 (In Japanese) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Haga H, Ishikawa K (2014) Spatial distribution of submerged macrophytes in the south basin of Lake Biwa in the summer of 2012, compared with 2002 and 2007. Jpn J Limnol 75:107–111 (In Japanese) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hamabata E, Sugimura S, Ishikawa K (2012) The explosive development and control of aquatic weeds. In: Kawanabe H, Nishino M, Maehata M (eds) Lake Biwa: interactions between nature and people. Springer, Tokyo, pp 469–472Google Scholar
  21. Hilt S, Gross EM (2008) Can allelopathically active submerged macrophytes stabilize clear-water states in shallow lakes? Appl Ecol 9:422–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hiratsuka J (2011) Aquatic weeds harvester in Lakes Naka-umi and Shin-ji-ko, and Sato-umi system. In: In-nami T (ed) Nature and life in Sato-umi. Past, present and future for resources in oceans and lakes. Mizunowa-Shuppan, Yamaguchi (In Japanese) Google Scholar
  23. Hiratsuka J, Yamamuro M, Ishitobi Y (2006) History for Sato-umi and Moku-tori, under-water world 50 years ago. Seibutsu Kenkyu-sha, Tokyo (In Japanese) Google Scholar
  24. Hussner A (2012) Alien aquatic plant species in European countries. Weed Res 52:397–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hussner A, Windhaus M, Starfinger U (2016) From weed biology to successful control: an example of successful management of Ludwigia grandiflora in Germany. Weed Res 56:434–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hussner A, Stier I, Verhofstad MJJM, Bakker ES, Grutters BMC, Haury J, van Valkenburg JLCH, Brundu G, Newman J, Clayton JS, Anderson LWJ, Hofstra D (2017) Management and control methods of invasive alien freshwater aquatic plants: a review. Aquat Bot 136:112–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ishikawa K, Okamoto T (2015) Water quality in south basin of Lake Biwa and prolific growth of submerged macrophytes. J Environ Conserv Eng 44:488–493 (In Japanese) Google Scholar
  28. Ishikawa K, Haga H, Inoue E, Ban S (2018) A basis for guidelines to control excessive submerged macrophytic growth to benefit ecosystem health and biodiversity. LimnologyGoogle Scholar
  29. Jeppesen ET, Lauridsen L, Kairesalo T, Perrow MR (1998) Impact of submerged macrophytes on fish-zooplankton interactions in lakes. In: Jeppesen E, Søndergaard M, Søndergaard M, Christoffersen K (eds) The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes. Springer Verlag, New York, pp 91–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ji F, Liu Y, Hao R, Li G, Zhou Y, Dong R (2014) Biomass production and nutrients removal by a new microalgae strain Desmodesmus sp. in anaerobic digestion wastewater. Bioresour Technol 161:200–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kawanabe H, Nishino M, Maehata M (2012) Lake Biwa: interactions between nature and people. Springer, TokyoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kawasaki T (2015) Challenges to adaptive management and effective utilization of waterweed in Lake Biwa. J Environ Conserv Eng 44:500–505 (In Japanese) Google Scholar
  33. Koyama M, Yamamoto S, Ishikawa K, Ban S, Toda T (2014) Anaerobic digestion of submerged macrophytes: chemical composition and anaerobic digestibility. Ecol Eng 69:304–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Koyama M, Yamamoto S, Ishikawa K, Ban S, Toda T (2015) Enhancing anaerobic digestibility of lignin-rich submerged macrophyte using thermochemical pre-treatment. Biochem Eng J 99:124–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kohzu A, Shimotori K, Imai A (2018) Effects of macrophyte harvesting on the water quality and bottom environment of Lake Biwa, Japan. Limnology.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10201-018-0556-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kuiper JJ, Verhofstad MJJM, Louwers Evelien L M, Bakker ES, Brederveld RJ, van Gerven LPA, Janssen ABG, de Klein JJM, Mooij WM (2017) Mowing submerged macrophytes in shallow lakes with alternative stable states: battling the good guys? Environ Manage 59:619–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lishawa SC, Carson BD, Brandt JS, Tallant JM, Reo NJ, Albert DA, Monks AM, Lautenbach JM, Clark E (2017) Mechanical harvesting effectively controls young Typha spp. invasion and unmanned aerial vehicle data enhances post-treatment monitoring. front. Plant Sci.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00619 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Little ECS (1979) Handbook of utilization of aquatic plants. A review of world literature. FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 187. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X6862E/X6862E00.HTM. Accessed 25 January 2018
  39. Manatunge J, Asaeda T, Priyadarshana T (2000) The influence of structural complexity on fish-zooplankton interactions: a study using artificial submerged macrophytes. Environ Biol Fish 58:425–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2010) New procedures for improving water quality using natural forces (In Japanese). http://www.mlit.go.jp/river/shishin_guideline/kankyo/suishitukaizen/shiryousyuu.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2018
  41. O’Sullivan C, Rounsefell B, Grinham A, Clarke W, Udy J (2010) Anaerobic digestion of harvested aquatic weeds: water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), cabomba (Cabomba caroliniana) and salvinia (Salvinia molesta). Ecol Eng 36:1459–1468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Orzi V, Scaglia B, Lonati S, Riva C, Boccasile G, Alborali GL, Adani F (2015) The role of biological processes in reducing both odor impact and pathogen content during mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Sci Total Environ 526:116–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Persson L, Crowder LB (1998) Fish-habitat interactions mediated via ontogenetic niche shifts. In: Jeppesen E, Søndergaard M, Søndergaard M, Christoffersen K (eds) The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes. Springer Verlag, New York, pp 3–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rabemanolontsoa H, Saka S (2012) Characterization of Lake Biwa macrophytes in their chemical composition. J Japan Inst Energy 91:621–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Santos M, Anderson L, Ustin S (2011) Effects of invasive species on plant communities: an example using submersed aquatic plants at the regional scale. Biol Invasions 13:443–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schriver P, Bøgestrand J, Jeppesen E, Søndergaard M (1995) Impact of submerged macrophytes on fish-zooplankton-phytoplankton interactions: large-scale enclosure experiments in a shallow eutrophic lake. Freshw Biol 33:255–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shiga Prefecture (2012) Attempts for effective use of aquatic weeds in Lake Biwa (In Japanese). http://www.pref.shiga.lg.jp/d/saisei/files/mizukusa/files/yuukouriyou.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2018
  48. Shiga Prefecture (2014) Effective measures for mowing macrophytes in Lake Biwa (In Japanese). http://www.pref.shiga.lg.jp/d/biwako/files/h25mizukusataisakujigyou.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2018
  49. Shiga Prefecture, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2009) Report for effective factors on macrophyte growth (In Japanese). http://www.pref.shiga.lg.jp/d/biwako/files/kentoumatome.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2018
  50. Takamatsu T, Nakata R, Yoshida T, Kawashima M (1985) Depth profiles of dimethylarsinate, monomethylarsonate, and inorganic arsenic in sediment from Lake Biwa. Jpn J Limnol 46:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Verhofstad MJJM, Alirangues Núñez MM, Reichman EP, van Donk E, Lamers LPM, Bakkera ES (2017) Mass development of monospecific submerged macrophyte vegetation after the restoration of shallow lakes: roles of light, sediment nutrient levels, and propagule density. Aquat Bot 141:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Verrier D, Roy F, Albagnac G (1987) Two-phase methanization of solid vegetablewastes. Biol Wastes 22:163–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wang L, Li Y, Chen P, Min M, Chen Y, Zhu J, Ruan RR (2010) Anaerobic digested dairy manure as a nutrient supplement for cultivation of oil-rich green microalgae Chlorella sp. Bioresour Technol 101:2623–2628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Xia A, Murphy JD (2016) Microalgal cultivation in treating liquid digestate from biogas systems. Trend Biotech 34:264–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Xie S, Frost JP, Lawlor PG, Wu G, Zhan X (2011) Effects of thermo-chemical pre-treatment of grass silage on methane production by anaerobic digestion. Bioresour Technol 102:8748–8755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Xu W, Hua W, Denga J, Zhua J, Li Q (2014) Effects of harvest management of Trapa bispinosa on an aquatic macrophyte community and water quality in a eutrophic lake. Ecol Eng 64:120–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Shiga PrefectureHikoneJapan
  2. 2.Soka UniversityHachiojiJapan
  3. 3.Lake Biwa Environmental Research InstituteOtsuJapan
  4. 4.National Institute for Environmental Studies, Center for Regional Environmental ResearchTsukubaJapan
  5. 5.National Institute for Environmental Studies, Lake Biwa Branch OfficeOtsuJapan
  6. 6.School of Environment and SocietyTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations