, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 89–100 | Cite as

Semi-analytical prediction of Secchi depth transparency in Lake Kasumigaura using MERIS data

  • Takehiko Fukushima
  • Bunkei Matsushita
  • Wei Yang
  • Lalu Muhamad Jaelani
Research paper


To investigate the long-term trend of light conditions in Lake Kasumigaura (a shallow eutrophic lake with high turbidity) in Japan, 215 images of MERIS data from the period 2003–2012 were processed at four stations using a semi-analytical algorithm to retrieve their inherent optical properties after atmospheric correction. Previously obtained Secchi depths (SDs) were somewhat underestimated by the proposed algorithms, and the ratio of the predicted SD to the measured SD changed with the ratio of tripton to chlorophyll a. A submodel was then built describing the ratio of scattering to backscattering based on the ratio of tripton to chlorophyll a (a trend supported by a number of previous reports) and applied to the prediction of SD in this lake. The model showed a gradually increasing trend at all stations in the predicted SD over the period, which was validated by the observations. The relationship between the measured and predicted SDs within a 2-day period was scattered, but showed a positive correlation at a significant level. In addition, this proposed method with the submodel describing the ratio of scattering to backscattering was applied to in situ reflectance spectra, and a correlation at a significant level was confirmed between the measured and predicted SDs.


Secchi depth Lake Kasumigaura Semi-analytical prediction of IOPs MERIS Scattering/backscattering 



This research was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan (Nos. 23404015 and 26281039), the Global Environment Research Fund (S9-4) of the Ministry of Environment, Japan, and the River Fund (27-1271-001) in charge of The River Foundation, Japan. Monitoring data on SD were provided by the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES). We express our appreciation to 2 anonymous reviewers for constructive criticisms on earlier versions of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10201_2017_521_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (11 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 11 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takehiko Fukushima
    • 1
  • Bunkei Matsushita
    • 1
  • Wei Yang
    • 2
  • Lalu Muhamad Jaelani
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life and Environmental StudiesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Remote SensingChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Geomatics EngineeringInstitut Technologi Sepuluh NopemberSurabayaIndonesia

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