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Limnology

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 171–177 | Cite as

First record of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbii Lankester, 1880 in Greece suggests distinct European invasion events

  • Ioannis Karaouzas
  • Stamatis Zogaris
  • Manuel Lopes-Lima
  • Elsa Froufe
  • Simone Varandas
  • Amílcar Teixeira
  • Ronaldo Sousa
Research paper

Abstract

This contribution presents the first record of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbii Lankester, 1880 in Greece. The species was found in a water transfer canal adjacent to Lake Marathon, 45 km northeast of Athens; this is the southernmost record of this invasive alien medusa in the Balkan Peninsula and Europe. A review of recently published records shows that this species has expanded its range in Europe and the Mediterranean countries. Genetic analysis of the Greek specimen suggests that the phylogeny of C. sowerbii needs further evaluation since we are probably dealing with a distinct species within the genus Craspedacusta, and that the Greek population represents a distinct invasion event from that previously recorded in central Europe. However, due to a lack of molecular information on the native and invasive ranges, further phylogenetic studies are necessary to clarify this issue.

Keywords

Medusa Invasive Alien species DNA Phylogeny 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express their appreciation to the two anonymous reviewers and the handling editor of this work for their valuable comments which helped to improve this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Karaouzas
    • 1
  • Stamatis Zogaris
    • 1
  • Manuel Lopes-Lima
    • 2
  • Elsa Froufe
    • 2
  • Simone Varandas
    • 3
  • Amílcar Teixeira
    • 4
  • Ronaldo Sousa
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland WatersHellenic Centre for Marine ResearchAnavissosGreece
  2. 2.CIIMAR/CIMAR: Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental ResearchUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.CITAB-UTAD: Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological SciencesUniversity of Trasos-Montes and Alto DouroVila RealPortugal
  4. 4.CIMO-ESA-IPB: Mountain Research Centre, School of AgriculturePolytechnic Institute of BragançaBragançaPortugal
  5. 5.CBMA: Centre of Molecular and Environmental BiologyUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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