, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 85–97 | Cite as

Effects of temperature on life history traits of Eodiaptomus japonicus (Copepoda: Calanoida) from Lake Biwa (Japan)

  • Xin Liu
  • Delphine Beyrend-Dur
  • Gaël Dur
  • Syuhei Ban
Research paper


Effects of temperature on life history traits of the dominant calanoid Eodiaptomus japonicus were examined to evaluate its population dynamics in Lake Biwa (Japan). Embryonic and post-embryonic development times and reproduction were determined in the laboratory at four temperatures (10, 15, 20 and 25 °C) and under ad libitum food condition. Post-embryonic development time of E. japonicus from hatching to adult female decreased with increasing temperature from 67.9 to 15.1 days. Males reached the adult stage 1–6 days earlier than the females. Only 15 % of the individuals survived until the adult stage at 10 °C, while 40 % did so at >15 °C. Egg production also depended on temperature. A power function of temperature on instantaneous growth rate predicted a value of <0.06 day−1 when water temperature was below 10 °C, suggesting that E. japonicus retards its growth during winter. The null value obtained at 8.6 °C for the computed population growth rate supports the idea of an overwintering strategy. Responses of life history traits to temperature suggested that in conditions where there was no food limitation, E. japonicus in Lake Biwa would be able to take advantage of the rise of temperature predicted in the context of global climate change.


Life history traits Temperature effects Eodiaptomus japonicus Copepod dynamics Individual variability 



This work is part of X. Liu’s Masters thesis and a contribution to the FASCICLE project of the French BioAsia program. Funding was provided by a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) post-doctoral research grant to D. Beyrend-Dur and a grant from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan to S. Ban through a research project entitled “Development of technologies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries”. We thank Dr. Goto and Mr. Kaigai, the captain of the research vessel Hassaka, University of Shiga Prefecture, for their kind cooperation during field sampling. All experiments complied with the current laws of the country in which they were performed.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Liu
    • 1
  • Delphine Beyrend-Dur
    • 1
  • Gaël Dur
    • 1
  • Syuhei Ban
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecosystem Studies, School of Environmental ScienceUniversity of Shiga PrefectureHikoneJapan

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