The European Journal of Health Economics

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 675–686 | Cite as

Chilean population norms derived from the health-related quality of Life SF-6D

  • Miguel A. Garcia-Gordillo
  • Daniel Collado-Mateo
  • Pedro R. Olivares
  • José C. Adsuar
Original Paper



The Health-Related Quality of Life Short Form 6D (HRQoL SF-6D) provides utility values for health status. Utilities generated have a number of potentially valuable applications in economic evaluations and not only to ensure comparability between studies. Reference values can be useful to estimate the effect on patients’ HRQoL as a result of interventions in the absence of control groups. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide normative values in the SF-6D in relation to the Chilean population.


A cross-sectional study was conducted evaluating 5293 people. SF-6D utilities were derived from the SF-12 questions.


Mean SF-6D utility index for the whole sample was 0.74. It was better for men (0.78) than for women (0.71). The ceiling effect was much higher for men (11.16%) than for women (5.31%). Women were more likely to show problems in any dimension than were men.


Chilean population norms for the SF-6D help in the decision-making process around health policies. Men reported higher health status than women in all subcategories analyzed. Likewise, men also reported higher scores than women in overall SF-6D dimensions.


Reference values HRQoL Utility Health 

JEL Classification

I: I1 I10 



The author DCM is supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (FPU14/01,283). He was previously supported by a Predoctoral Fellowship from the Fundación Tatiana Pérez de Guzmán el Bueno.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel A. Garcia-Gordillo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Collado-Mateo
    • 3
  • Pedro R. Olivares
    • 4
    • 5
  • José C. Adsuar
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of ExtremaduraBadajozSpain
  2. 2.Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of MurciaMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of ExtremaduraCáceresSpain
  4. 4.Instituto de Calidad de Vida, Actividad Fisica y SaludUniversidad Autonoma de ChileTalcaChile
  5. 5.Instituto Superior de Educación FísicaUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay

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