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The European Journal of Health Economics

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 661–673 | Cite as

Estimating the social cost of respiratory cancer cases attributable to occupational exposures in France

  • Hassan SerrierEmail author
  • Hélène Sultan-Taieb
  • Danièle Luce
  • Sophie Bejean
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this article was to estimate the social cost of respiratory cancer cases attributable to occupational risk factors in France in 2010.

Methods

According to the attributable fraction method and based on available epidemiological data from the literature, we estimated the number of respiratory cancer cases due to each identified risk factor. We used the cost-of-illness method with a prevalence-based approach. We took into account the direct and indirect costs. We estimated the cost of production losses due to morbidity (absenteeism and presenteeism) and mortality costs (years of production losses) in the market and nonmarket spheres.

Results

The social cost of lung, larynx, sinonasal and mesothelioma cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, chromium, diesel engine exhaust, paint, crystalline silica, wood and leather dust in France in 2010 were estimated at between 917 and 2,181 million euros. Between 795 and 2,011 million euros (87–92 %) of total costs were due to lung cancer alone. Asbestos was by far the risk factor representing the greatest cost to French society in 2010 at between 531 and 1,538 million euros (58–71 %), ahead of diesel engine exhaust, representing an estimated social cost of between 233 and 336 million euros, and crystalline silica (119–229 million euros). Indirect costs represented about 66 % of total costs.

Conclusion

Our assessment shows the magnitude of the economic impact of occupational respiratory cancers. It allows comparisons between countries and provides valuable information for policy-makers responsible for defining public health priorities.

Keywords

Cost Occupational health Respiratory tract neoplasms Asbestos Cost of illness 

JEL Classification

D61 H51 H55 I18 J24 J28 J32 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We express our gratitude to the Institut national du cancer (INCA) and the Conseil régional de Bourgogne for financing the thesis of Hassan Serrier on which this study is largely based.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan Serrier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hélène Sultan-Taieb
    • 1
    • 2
  • Danièle Luce
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sophie Bejean
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Économie et Gestion, Pôle Économie GestionUniversité de BourgogneDijon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Département organisation et ressources humaines, Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la biologie, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), École des sciences de la gestionUniversité du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)MontréalCanada
  3. 3.Faculté de MédecineInstitut de Recherche en Santé, Environnement et Travail (INSERM U1085)Pointe-à-PitreFrance
  4. 4.Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Santé des Populations (INSERM U1018)Hôpital Paul BrousseVillejuif CedexFrance

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