Welfare-related health inequality: does the choice of measure matter?
- 410 Downloads
Using representative microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we show that the welfare measure choice has a substantial impact on the degree of welfare-related health inequality. To assess the sensitivity of welfare-related health inequality measures, we combine a unique set of income and wealth measures with different subjective, cardinalized, and (quasi-)objective health measures. The influence of the welfare measure is more pronounced when using subjective health measures than when using (quasi-)objective health measures.
KeywordsWelfare-related health inequality Concentration index Income measurement Wealth SOEP
JEL ClassifiactionD31 I10 I12
We thank the editor, two anonymous referees, Cristina Blanco, Andrew Jones, Martin Karlsson, Jenny Kragl, Tom van Ourti, and participants at seminars in Darmstadt at the “Health. Happiness. Inequality–Modelling the Pathways between Income Inequality and Health” conference, as well as in Rome at the Meeting of the Applied Econometrics Association and the “Econometrics of Healthy Human Resources.” Special thanks go to Adam Lederer for co-editing this paper.
- 2.Andersen, H.H., Mühlbacher, A., Nübling, M., Schupp, J., Wagner, G.G.: Computation of standard values for physical and mental health scale scores using the SOEP version of sf12v2. J. Appl. Soc. Sci. Stud. (Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften) 127, 171–182 (2007)Google Scholar
- 5.Danish Ministry of Health [Sundhedsministeriet]: The Government’s Public Health Programme 1999–2008 [Regeringens folkesundhedsprogram 1999–2008]. Danish Ministry of Health, Copenhagen (1999)Google Scholar
- 10.Frick, J.R., Grabka, M.M., Sierminska, E.M.: Representative wealth data for Germany from the German SOEP: the impact of methodological decisions around imputation and the choice of the aggregation unit. SOEPpapers 3, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (2007a). Available at: http://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp3.html. Last accessed on February 2, 2012
- 11.Frick, J.R., Grabka, M.M., Marcus, J.: Editing and multiple imputation of item-non-response in the 2002 wealth module of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Data Documentation 18, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research (2007b). Available at: http://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwddc/dd18.html. Last accessed on February 2, 2012
- 14.House of Commons Health Committee: Health Inequalities: Third Report of Session 2008–2009. HMSO, London (2009)Google Scholar
- 15.Jones, A.M., Rice, N., d’Uva, T.B., Balia, S.: Applied Health Economics. Routledge, Abington (2007)Google Scholar
- 17.Jürges, H.: Health inequalities by education, income and wealth: a comparison of 11 European countries and the US. Appl. Econ. Lett. 17, 91–97 (2010)Google Scholar
- 18.Kakwani, N., Wagstaff, A., van Doorslaer, E.: Socioeconomic inequalities in health: measurement, computation, and statistical inference. J. Econ. 77, 87–103 (1997)Google Scholar
- 24.Hays, R.D., Sherbourne, C.D, Mazel, R., RAND: User’s Manual for the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Core Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life. RAND Monograph Report, Santa Monica, RAND Corporation (1995). Available at: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR162.html. Last accessed on February 2, 2012
- 28.Schneider, U., Pfarr, C., Schneider, B.S., Ulrich, V.: I feel good! Gender differences and reporting heterogeneity in self-assessed health. Eur. J. Health Econ. (2012). doi: 10.1007/s10198-011-0301-7
- 31.Wagner, G.G., Frick, J.R., Schupp, J.: The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)–evolution, scope and enhancements. J. Appl. Soc. Sci. Stud. (Schmollers Jahrbuch) 127, 139–169 (2007)Google Scholar
- 38.World Health Organization (WHO): The World Health Report 2000-Health Systems: Improving Performance. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva (2000)Google Scholar