The European Journal of Health Economics

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 274–279 | Cite as

Reimbursement and clinical guidance for pharmaceuticals in Sweden

Do health-economic evaluations support decision making?
  • Anders AnellEmail author
  • Ulf Persson
Pricing and Reimbursement Systems in Europe


Introduction of the new Pharmaceutical Benefits Board (LFN; 1 October 2002) has markedly changed the principles of pricing and reimbursement of drugs in Sweden. The Board is required to make decisions based on information on cost-effectiveness, and pharmaceutical companies must submit economic evaluations when relevant as part of their applications for reimbursement. This study examined experience to date regarding the use of health-economic evaluations and cost-effectiveness information by the LFN. We also describe activities and the use of cost-effectiveness analysis by Swedish local formulary committees organized by the 21 county councils. It is concluded that economic evaluations have supported decision making by LFN, although cost-effectiveness seems to be of varying importance in different situations. While the use of health-economic evaluations and the outcome of decision making by LFN are similar to comparable committees in other countries, there is presently a gap in this sense between the LFN and Swedish local formulary committees. Coordinated decision making is much needed but may be difficult to implement as the perspective, expertise, and objectives of the two public authorities differ.


Cost-effectiveness Reimbursement Clinical guidance Pharmaceuticals Sweden 


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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swedish Institute for Health EconomicsLundSweden
  2. 2.Swedish Institute for Health EconomicsLundSweden

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