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The Journal of Headache and Pain

, Volume 2, Supplement 1, pp s83–s86 | Cite as

Familial occurrence in primary headaches

  • Michael Bjørn RussellEmail author
KEY NOTE LECTURE
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature of genetic epidemiology in primary headaches. Migraine without aura and migraine with aura are distinct disorders. Both are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Tension–type headache. The episodic form is most likely non–genetic, while the chronic form is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Cluster headache has previously not been thought to be genetic. However, first degree relatives of cluster headache sufferers have a 14–46 fold significantly increased risk of cluster headache, compared to the general population.

Genetics Migraine Cluster headache Tension-type headache 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Copenhagen, Gentofte HospitalHellerup CopenhagenDenmark

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