Acta Endoscopica

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 160–170

La fréquence des cancers coliques d’intervalle est-elle le seul critère pertinent pour la coloscopie ?

Alerte Endoscopie / Endoscopy Alert

Will the interval colorectal cancer rate be relevant criteria for colonoscopy quality?

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Références

  1. 1.
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, Ho MN, O’Brien MJ, Gottlieb LS, Sternberg SS, et al. Prevention of colorectal cancer by colonoscopic polypectomy. The National Polyp Study Workgroup. N Engl J Med 1993;329:1977–1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, O’Brien MJ, Ho MN, Gottlieb L, Sternberg SS, et al Randomized comparison of surveillance intervals after colonoscopic removal of newly diagnosed adenomatous polyps. The National Polyp Study Workgroup. N Engl J Med 1993;328:901–906.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Citarda F, Tomaselli G, Capocaccia R, Barcherini S, Crespi M, Italian Multicentre Study Group. Efficacy in standard clinical practice of colonoscopic polypectomy in reducing colorectal cancer incidence. Gut 2001;48:812–815.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singh H, Turner D, Xue L, Targownik LE, Bernstein CN. Risk of developing colorectal cancer following a negative colonoscopy examination. Evidence for a 10-year interval between colonoscopies. JAMA 2006;295:2366–2373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baxter NN, Goldwasser MA, Paszat LF, Saskin R, Urbach DR, Rabeneck L. Association of colonoscopy and death from colorectal cancer. Ann Intern Med 2009;150:1–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leung K, Pinsky P, Laiyemo AO, Lanza E, Schatzkin A, Schoen RE. Ongoing colorectal cancer risk despite surveillance colonoscopy: the Polyp Prevention Trial Continued Follow-up Study. Gastrointest Endosc 2010;71:111–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rabeneck L, Paszat LF, Saskin R. Endoscopist specialty is associated with incident colorectal cancer after a negative colonoscopy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010;8:275–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heresbach D, Barrioz T, Lapalus MG, Coumaros D, Bauret P, Potier P, et al Miss rate for colorectal neoplastic polyps: a prospective multicenter study of back-to-back video colonoscopies. Endoscopy 2008;40:284–290.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bretagne JF, Ponchon T. Do we need to embrace adenoma detection rate as the main quality control parameter during colonoscopy. Endoscopy 2008;40:523–528.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Imperiale TF, Glowinski EA, Juliar BE, Azzouz F, Ransohoff DF. Variation in polyp detection rates at screening colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2009;69:1288–1295.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haseman JH, Lemmel GT, Rahmani EY, Rex DK. Failure of colonoscopy to detect colorectal cancer: evaluation of 47 cases in 20 hospitals. Gastrointest Endosc 1997;45:451–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ee HC, Semmens JB, Hoffman NE. Complete colonoscopy rarely misses cancer. Gastrointest Endosc 2002;55:167–171.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bressler B, Paszat LF, Vinden C, Li C, He J, Rabeneck L. Colonoscopic miss rates for right-sided colon cancer; a populationbased analysis. Gastroenterology 2004;127;452–456.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Farrar WD, Sawhney M, Nelson DB, Lederle FA, Bond JH. Colorectal cancers found after a complete colonoscopy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006;4:1259–1264.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bressler B, Paszat LF, Chen Z, Rothwell DM, Winden C, Rabeneck L. Rate of new or missed colorectal cancers after colonoscopy and their risk factors: a population-based analysis. Gastroenterology 2007;132:96–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brenner H, Hoffmeister M, Arndt V, Stegmaier C, Altenhofen L, Haug U. Protection from right- and left-sided colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy: population-based study. J Natl Cancer Inst 2010;102:89–95PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brenner H, Chang-Claude J, Seiler CM, Stürmer T, Hoffmeister M. Does a negative screening colonoscopy ever need to be repeated? Gut 2006;55:1145–1150.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lakoff J, Paszat LF, Saskin R, Rabeneck L. Risk of developing proximal vs distal colorectal cancer after a negative colonoscopy: a population-based study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008;6:1117–1121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hoff G, Grotmol T, Skovlund E, Bretthauer M, Norwegian Colorectal Cancer Prevention Study Group. Risk of colorectal cancer seven years after flexible sigmoidoscopy screening: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009:29;338:1846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Atkin WS, Edwards R, Kralj-Hans I, Wooldrage K, Hart AR, Northover JM, et al Once-only flexible sigmoidoscopy screening in prevention of colorectal cancer: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2010;375:1624–1633.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    van Rijn JC, Reitsma JB, Stoker J, Bossuyt PM, van Deventer SJ, Dekker E. Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol 2006;101:343–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bensen S, Mott LA, Dain B, Rothstein R, Baron J. The colonoscopic miss rate and true one-year recurrence of colorectal neoplastic polyps. Polyp Prevention Study Group. Am J Gastroenterol 1999;94:194–199.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hixson LJ, Fennerty MB, Sampliner RE, McGee DL, Garewal H. Two-year incidence of colon adenomas developing after tandem colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 1994;89:687–691.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kasugai K, Miyata M, Hashimoto T, Todoroki I, Tsutsui S, Nagase F, et al Assessment of miss and incidence rates of neoplastic polyps at colonoscopy. Digest Endosc 2005;17:44–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lanspa SJ, Rouse J, Smyrk T, Watson P, Jenkins JX, Lynch HT. Epidemiologic characteristics of the flat adenoma of Muto. A prospective study. Dis Colon Rectum 1992;35:543–546.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Diebold MD, Samalin E, Merle C, Bouché O, Higuero T, Jolly D, et al Colonic flat neoplasia: frequency and concordance between endoscopic appearance and histological diagnosis in a French prospective series. Am J Gastroenterol 2004;99:1795–1800.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jaramillo E, Watanabe M, Slezak P, Rubio C. Flat neoplastic lesions of the colon and rectum detected by high-resolution video endoscopy and chromoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42: 114–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Park DH, Kim HS, Kim WH, Kim TI, Kim YH, Park DI, et al Clinicopathologic characteristics and malignant potential of colorectal flat neoplasia compared with that of polypoid neoplasia. Dis Colon Rectum 2008;51:43–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tsuda S, Veress B, Tóth E, Fork FT. Flat and depressed colorectal tumours in a southern Swedish population: a prospective chromoendoscopic and histopathological study. Gut 2002;51:550–555.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Soetikno RM, Kaltenbach T, Rouse RV, Park W, Maheshwari A, Sato T, et al Prevalence of nonpolypoid (flat and depressed) colorectal neoplasms in asymptomatic and symptomatic adults. JAMA. 2008;299:1027–1035.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Saitoh Y, Waxman I, West AB, Popnikolov NK, Gatalica Z, Watari J, et al. Prevalence and distinctive biologic features of flat colorectal adenomas in a North American population. Gastroenterology 2001;120:1657–1665.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hurlstone DP, Cross SS, Adam I, Shorthouse AJ, Brown S, Sanders DS, et al. Efficacy of high magnification chromoscopic colonoscopy for the diagnosis of neoplasia in flat and depressed lesions of the colorectum: a prospective analysis. Gut 2004;53:284–290.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tada S, Yao T, Iida M, Koga H, Hizawa K, Fujishima M. A clinicopathologic study of small flat colorectal carcinoma. Cancer 1994;74:2430–2435.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Leggett B, Whitehall V. Role of the serrated pathway in colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Gastroenterology 2010;138:2088–2100.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hetzel JT, Huang CS, Coukos JA, Omstead K, Cerda SR, Yang S, et al. Variation in the detection of serrated polyps in an average risk colorectal cancer screening cohort. Am J Gastroenterol 2010;105:2656–2664.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Li D, Jin C, McCulloch C, Kakar S, Berger BM, Imperiale TF, et al. Association of large serrated polyps with synchronous advanced colorectal neoplasia. Am J Gastroenterol 2009;104: 695–702.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hiraoka S, Kato J, Fujiki S, Kaji E, Morikawa T, Murakami T, et al. The presence of large serrated polyps increases risk for colorectal cancer. Gastroenterology 2010;139:1503–1510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Schreiner MA, Weiss DG, Lieberman DA. Proximal and large hyperplastic and nondysplastic serrated polyps detected by colonoscopy are associated with neoplasia. Gastroenterology 2010;139: 1497–1502.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Glazer E, Golla V, Forman R, Zhu H, Levi G, Bodenheimer HC Jr. Serrated adenoma is a risk factor for subsequent adenomatous polyps. Dig Dis Sci 2008;53:2204–2207.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Robertson DJ, Greenberg ER, Beach M, Sandler RS, Ahnen D, Haile RW, et al. Colorectal cancer in patients under close colonoscopic surveillance. Gastroenterology 2005;129:34–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pabby A, Schoen RE, Weissfeld JL, Burt R, Kikendall JW, Lance P, et al. Analysis of colorectal cancer occurrence during surveillance colonoscopy in the dietary polyp prevention trial. Gastrointest Endosc 2005;61;385–391.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schoen RE. Surveillance after positive and negative colonoscopy examinations: issues, yields, and use. Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98:1237–1246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ben-Horin S, Bar-Meir S, Avidan B. The impact of colon cleanliness assessment on endoscopists’ recommendations for followup colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 2007;102:2680–2685.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Harewood GC, Sharma VK, de Garmo P. Impact of colonoscopy preparation quality on detection of suspected colonic neoplasia. Gastrointest Endosc 2003;58:76–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Froelich F, Wietlisbach V, Gonvers JJ, Burnand B, Vader JP. Impact of colonic cleansing on quality and diagnostic yield of colonoscopy: the European panel appropriateness of gastrointestinal endoscopy European multicenter study. Gastrointest Endosc 2005;61:378–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Brenner H, Hoffmeister M, Stegmaier C, Brenner G, Altenhofen L, Haug U. Risk of progression of advanced adenomas to colorectal cancer by age and sex: estimates based on 840 149 screening colonoscopies. Gut 2007;56:1585–1589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Saini SD, Kim HM, Schoenfeld P. Incidence of advanced adenomas at surveillance colonoscopy in patients with a personal history of colon adenomas: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Gastrointest Endosc 2006;64:614–626.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Rex DK, Cummings OW, Helper DJ, Nowak TV, Mcgill JM, Chiao GZ, et al. 5-year incidence of adenomas after negative colonoscopy in asymptomatic average-risk persons. Gastroenterology 1996;111:1178–1181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Imperiale TF, Glowinski EA, Lin-Cooper C, Larkin GN, Rogge JD, Ransohoff DF. Five-year risk of colorectal neoplasia after negative screening colonoscopy. N Engl J Med 2008;359:1218–1224.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Nusko G, Mansmann U, Wiest G, Brueckl W, Kirchner T, Hahn EG. Right-sided shift found in metachronous colorectal adenomas. Endoscopy 2001;33:574–579.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Bonithon-Kopp C, Kronborg O, Giacosa A, Räth U, Faivre J. Calcium and fibre supplementation in prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence: a randomised intervention trial. European Cancer Prevention Organisation Study Group. Lancet 2000;356: 1300–1306.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Martínez ME, Sampliner R, Marshall JR, Bhattacharyya AK, Reid ME, Alberts DS. Adenoma characteristics as risk factors for recurrence of advanced adenomas. Gastroenterology 2001;120:1077–1083.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Le Rhun M, Coron E, Parlier D, Nguyen JM, Canard JM, Alamdari A, et al. High resolution colonoscopy with chromoscopy vs standard colonoscopy for the detection of colonic neoplasia: a randomized study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006;4:349–354.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Lapalus MG, Helbert T, Napoleon B, Rey JF, Houcke P, Ponchon T. Does chromoendoscopy with structure enhancement improve the colonoscopic adenoma detection rate? Endoscopy 2006;38: 444–448.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Brooker JC, Saunders BP, Shah SG, Thapar CJ, Thomas HJ, Atkin WS, et al. Total colonic dye-spray increases the detection of diminutive adenomas during routine colonoscopy: a randomized controlled trial. Gastrointest Endosc 2002;56:333–338.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    East JE, Suzuki N, Stavrinidis M, Guenther T, Thomas HJ, Saunders BP. Narrow band imaging for colonosopcic surveillance in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer. Gut 2008;57:65–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Hurlstone DP, Karajeh M, Cross SS, McAlindon ME, Brown S, Hunter MD, et al. The role of high-magnification-chromoscopic colonoscopy in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer screening: a prospective “back-to-back” endoscopic study. Gastroenterology 2005;100:2167–2173.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Rex DK, Helbig CC. High yields of small and flat adenomas with high-definition colonoscopes using either white light or narrow band imaging. Gastroenterology 2007;133:42–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Adler A, Aschenbeck J, Yenerim T, Mayr M, Aminalai A, Drossel R, et al. Narrow-band vs white-light high definition television endoscopic imaging for screening colonoscopy: a prospective randomized trial. Gastroenterology 2009;136:410–416.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Kaltenbach TR, Friedland S, Stoetikno RM. A randomized tandem colonoscopy trial of narrow band imaging vs white light examination to compare neoplasia miss rates. Gut 2008;57: 1406–1412.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Rastogi A, Bansal A, Wani S, Callahan P, McGregor DH, Cherian R, et al. Narrow-band imaging colonoscopy: a pilot feasibility study for the detection of polyps and correlation of surface patterns with polyp histologic diagnosis. Gastrointest Endosc 2008;67:280–286.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Pohl J, Lotterer E, Balzer C, Sackmann M, Schmidt KD, Gossner L, et al. Computed virtual chromoendoscopy vs standard colonoscopy with targeted indigocarmine chromoscopy: a randomised multicentre trial. Gut 2009;58:73–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Pellisé M, Fernández-Esparrach G, Cárdenas A, Sendino O, Ricart E, Vaquero E, et al. Impact of wide-angle, high-definition endoscopy in the diagnosis of colorectal neoplasia: a randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology 2008;135:1062–1068.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Adler A, Pohl H, Papanikolaou I, Abou-Rebyeh H, Veltzke-Schlieker W, Koch M, et al. A prospective randomized study between narrow band imaging and conventional colonoscopy for adenomas detection: does narrow band imaging induce a learning effect? Gut 2008;57:59–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Hoffman A, Sar F, Goetz M, Tresch A, Mudter J, Biesterfeld S, et al. High definition colonoscopy combined with i-Scan is superior in the detection of colorectal neoplasias compared with standard video colonoscopy: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Endoscopy 2010;42:827–833.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rex DK, Chadalawada V, Helper DJ. Wide angle colonoscopy with a prototype instrument: impact on miss rates and efficiency as determined by back-to-back colonoscopies. Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98:2000–2005.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Deenadayalu VP, Chadalawada V, Rex DK. 170 degrees wideangle colonoscope: effect on efficiency and miss rates. Am J Gastroenterol 2004;99:2138–2142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Harrison M, Singh N, Rex D Impact of proximal colon retroflexion on adenoma miss rates. Am J Gastroenterol 2004;94: 519–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Kondo S, Yamaji Y, Watabe H, Yamada A, Sugimoto T, Ohta M, et al. A randomized controlled trial evaluating the usefulness of a transparent hood attached to the tip of the colonoscope. Am J Gastroenterol 2007;102:75–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Matsushita M, Hajiro K, Okazaki K. Efficacy of total colonoscopy with a transparent cap in comparison with colonoscopy without the cap. Endoscopy 1998;30:444–447.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Horiuchi A, Nakayama Y. Improved colorectal adenoma detection with a transparent retractable extension device. Am J Gastroenterol 2008;103:341–345.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Horiuchi A, Nakayama Y, Kato N, Ichise Y, Kajiyama M, Tanaka N. Hood-assisted colonoscopy is more effective in detection of colorectal adenomas than narrow band imaging. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010;8:379–383.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Tada M, Inoue H, Yabata E, Okabe S, Endo M. Feasibility of the transparent cap-fitted colonoscoped for scrfeening and mucosal resection. Dis Colon Rectum 1977;40:618–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Chen SC, Rex DK. Variable detection of nonadenomatous polyps by individual endoscopists at colonoscopy and correlation with adenoma detection. J Clin Gastroenterol 2008;42:704–707.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Hewett DG, Rex DK. Cap-fitted colonoscopy: a randomized, tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates. Gastrointest Endosc 2010;72:775–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Triadafilopoulos G, Li J. A pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of the third eye retrograde auxiliary imaging system during colonoscopy. Endoscopy 2008;40:478–482.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    De Marco DC, Odstrcil E, Lara LF, Bass D, Herdman C, Kinney T, et al. Impact of experience with a retrograde-viewing device on adenoma detection rates and withdrawal times during colonoscopy: the Third Eye Retroscope study group. Gastrointest Endosc 2010;71:542–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Waye JD, Heigh RI, Fleischer DE, Leighton JA, Gurudu S, Aldrich LB, et al. A retrograde-viewing device improves detection of adenomas in the colon: a prospective efficacy evaluation (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 2010;71:551–556.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Singh H, Nugent Z, Demers A, Bernstein C. Rate and predictors of early/missed colorectal cancers after colonoscopy in Manitoba. A population based study. Am J Gastroenterol 2010;105:2588–2594.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Baxter NN, Sutradhar R, Forbes SS, Paszat LF, Saskin R, Rabeneck L. Analysis of administrative data finds endoscopist quality measures aassociated with postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer. Gastroenterology 2011;140:65–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Kaminski M, Regula J, Kratzewska E, Polkowski M, Wojciechowska U, Didkowska J, et al. Quality indications for colonoscopy and risk of interval cancer. New Engl J Medicine 2010;362: 1795–1803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Atkin WS, Cook CF, Cuzick J, Edwards R, Northover JM, Wardle J, et al. Single flexible sigmoidoscopy screening to prevent colorectal cancer: baseline findings of a UK multicentre randomised trial. Lancet 2002;359:1291–1300.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Chen S, Mouchli A, Chadalawada V, Riddell R, Goldblum J, O’Brien M, et al. Histopathology of small polyps removed in the videoendoscopic era. Gastointest Endosc 2006;63:AB199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Lieberman D, Moravec M, Holub J, Michaels L, Eisen G. Polyp size and advanced histology in patients undergoing colonoscopy screening: implications for CT colonography. Gastroenterology 2008;135:1100–1105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Denis B, Ruetsch M, Strentz P, Vogel JY, Guth F, Boyaval JM, et al. Short-term outcomes of the first round of a pilot colorectal cancer screening programme with guaiac based faecal occult blood test. Gut 2007;56:1579–1584.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Manfredi S, Piette C, Durand G, Plihon G, Mallard G, Bretagne JF. Colonoscopy results of a French regional FOBT-based colorectal cancer screening program with high compliance. Endoscopy 2008;40:422–427.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Bretagne JF, Hamonic S, Piette C, Manfredi S, Leray E, Durand G, et al. Variations between endoscopists in rates of detection of colorectal neoplasia and their impact on a regional screening program based on colonoscopy after fecal occult blood testing. Gastrointest Endosc 2010;71:335–341.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Baxter NN, Sutradhar R, Forbes SS, Paszat LF, Saskin R, Rabeneck L. Analysis of administrative data finds endoscopist quality measures associated with postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer. Gastroenterology 2011;140:65–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Barclay RL, Vicari JJ, Doughty AS, Johanson JF, Greenlaw RL. Colonoscopic withdrawal times and adenoma detection during screening colonoscopy. N Engl J Med 2006;355:2533–2541.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Sawhney MS, Cury MS, Neeman N, Ngo LH, Lewis JM, Chuttani R, et al. Effect of institution-wide policy of colonoscopy withdrawal time ≥ 7 minutes on polyp detection. Gastroenterology 2008;135:1892–1898.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Shaukat A, Oancea C, Bond JH, Church TR, Allen JI. Variation in detection of adenomas and polyps by colonoscopy and change over time with a performance improvement program. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2009;7:1335–1340.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Gellad ZF, Weiss DG, Ahnen DJ, Lieberman DA, Jackson GL, Provenzale D. Colonoscopy withdrawal time and risk of neoplasia at 5 years: results from VA Cooperative Studies Program 380. Am J Gastroenterol 2010;105:1746–1752.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Morini S, Hassan C, Zullo A, Lorenzetti R, de Matthaeis M, Stella F, et al. Detection of colonic polyps according to insertion/withdrawal phases of colonoscopy. Int J Colorectal Dis 2009;24:527–530.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Barclay RL, Vicari JJ, Greenlaw RL. Effect of a time-dependent colonoscopic withdrawal protocol on adenoma detection during screening colonoscopy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008;6: 1091–1098.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Harewood GC, Lieberman DA. Prevalence of advanced neoplasia at screening colonoscopy in men in private practice vs academic and veterans affairs medical centers. Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98: 2312–2316.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Rabeneck L, Paszat LF, Saskin R, Stukel TA. Association between colonoscopy rates and colorectal cancer mortality. Am J Gastroenterol 2010;105:1627–1632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Shaukat A, Arain M, Thaygarajan B, Bond JH, Sawhney M. Is BRAF mutation associated with interval colorectal cancers? Dig Dis Sci 2010;55:2352–2356.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Canard JM, Heresbach D, Letard JC, Laugier R, CA de la SFED. La coloscopie en France en 2008: résultats de l’enquête de deux jours d’endoscopie en France. Acta Endoscopica 2010;40:58–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Paris 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unité d’endoscopie digestive et d’exploration fonctionnelle digestivecentre hospitalier de CannesCannesFrance
  2. 2.Service d’endoscopie digestivehôpital privé Saint-JosephMarseilleFrance

Personalised recommendations