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Journal of Ethology

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 53–58 | Cite as

Diel locomotor activity and shelter use in the Patagonian catfish Hatcheria macraei under experimental conditions

  • Juan Pablo BarrigaEmail author
  • Nicolás Andrés Espinós
  • Walter Damián Ceferino Torres
  • Miguel Ángel Battini
Article

Abstract

Diel locomotor activity and shelter use was experimentally evaluated in Hatcheria macraei under three different light regimens: natural and inverted photoperiods, and during constant darkness. The results demonstrate clear nocturnal activity and highlight the negative phototactic behaviour of H. macraei, proving that light is the external factor that triggers the seeking of shelter and the subsequent hiding action. Locomotor activity was maximal in darkness, intermediate at dawn and dusk, and minimal (maximum shelter use) in full light. During free-running experiments (i.e. constant darkness) H. macraei continued to exhibit the same diel pattern of resting (or hiding) and swimming as under natural light conditions. Nocturnal activity and negative phototactic behaviour appear to be important mechanisms which have enabled H. macraei to withstand the effects of salmonid introduction in lotic environments where other native fishes have suffered negative effects.

Keywords

Circadian rhythm Artificial photoperiod Hiding behaviour Refuge Swimming activity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dirección de Pesca Continental of Río Negro Province for permission to collect native fishes. This study was partially funded by Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, Argentina (ANPCyT, PICT 2010 No. 0262 and PICT 2013 No. 1387) and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina (CONICET, PIP No. 11220120100063CO). All handling, care and experimental procedures used in this research complied with the animal welfare laws stated by the Government of Argentina (Law n° 14346).

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Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society and Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Pablo Barriga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicolás Andrés Espinós
    • 2
  • Walter Damián Ceferino Torres
    • 3
  • Miguel Ángel Battini
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente (INIBIOMA)Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) - Universidad Nacional del ComahueSan Carlos de BarilocheArgentina
  2. 2.Centro Regional Universitario BarilocheUniversidad Nacional del ComahueSan Carlos de BarilocheArgentina
  3. 3.Centro de Ecología Aplicada del NeuquénJunín de los AndesArgentina

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