Journal of Ethology

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 331–336

Alternative reproductive modes of Atlantic forest frogs

  • Luís Felipe Toledo
  • Michel V. Garey
  • Thais R. N. Costa
  • Ricardo Lourenço-de-Moraes
  • Marília T. Hartmann
  • Célio F. B. Haddad
Short Communication

Abstract

Diversity in reproductive modes is well known in amphibians, mainly among anurans, which are characterized by a diversity in breeding biology that exceeds that of any other tetrapod. Currently, 39 reproductive modes are recognized among anurans and some species display more than one mode. The breeding biology of some Brazilian Atlantic forest anurans was investigated for this study. We observed unreported reproductive modes for six species, variability in the reproductive modes of individuals of the same species (whereby some individuals of a given population displayed unusual reproductive modes when the physical conditions of the breeding site were suboptimal), and variations within the modes. These observations suggest possible evolutionary steps for the reproductive modes. Anuran breeding biology seems to be more diverse than previously reported, and a character matrix could be constructed to describe the total range of variation of the anuran reproductive modes.

Keywords

Reproduction Amphibian Anura Behavioral variation Egg-deposition site 

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Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luís Felipe Toledo
    • 1
  • Michel V. Garey
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thais R. N. Costa
    • 2
  • Ricardo Lourenço-de-Moraes
    • 4
  • Marília T. Hartmann
    • 5
  • Célio F. B. Haddad
    • 6
  1. 1.Museu de Zoologia “Prof. Adão José Cardoso”Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP-IB)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e ConservaçãoUniversidade Federal do Paraná. Setor de Ciências BiológicasCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Zoologia e BotânicaUniversidade Estadual PaulistaSão José do Rio PretoBrazil
  4. 4.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação da BiodiversidadeUniversidade Estadual de Santa CruzIlhéusBrazil
  5. 5.Universidade Federal do PampaSão GabrielBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Zoologia, I.BUniversidade Estadual Paulista, UNESPRio ClaroBrazil

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