Targeted helping by a wild adolescent male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus): evidence for empathy?
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In a unique case where a chimpanzee infant captured by human poachers was returned by researchers to her natal group, an adolescent male helped the injured mother carry her infant on each of 2 days following the return. I explore various hypotheses to explain this behavior and suggest that the apparent recognition of both the infant’s and mother’s needs by the male supports the consideration of empathy in this case. As data accumulate, questions regarding empathy in non-humans should focus on more intricate levels as suggested by DeWaal (Annu Rev Psych 59: 279–300, 2008), rather than adhering to the assertion that empathy is uniquely human.
KeywordsEmpathy Ape Targeted helping Senegal Pan troglodytes verus
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