Mechanical behavior and constitutive relationship of the three types of recycled coarse aggregate concrete based on standard classification

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To investigate the effect of classification of recycled coarse aggregate on the mechanical behaviors of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC), a total of 150 RAC testing blocks were designed based on the Chinese standard GB/T 25177-2010, taking recycled coarse aggregate and substitution ratio as factors in a series of tests, including cubic compression, prismatic compression, quadrate plate compression and elastic modulus. During the whole testing period, from initial compression to destruction, important characteristic parameters such as stress–strain curve, elastic modulus, peak stress, and peak strain were obtained. The effect of classification of recycled coarse aggregate on the destruction mechanism and mechanical performances of RAC is investigated and analyzed based on the test phenomenon, microscopic structure evolution, damage process,displacement ductility, energy dissipation ability, constitutive relationship, etc. It is understood from the test results that cubic compressive strength, prismatic compressive strength, elastic modulus and damage development speed all follow a tendency of Class I > Class II > Class III, while deformation ductility coefficient has a tendency of Class II > Class I > Class III. Moreover, damage constitutive relationship of RAC is brought forward showing that the theoretical approach can fully reflect the experimental results.

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Availability of data and material

The datasets obtained during the current study are not publicly available but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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The work described in this paper was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51268005 and 11972379), Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2013GXNSFAA019311), Double-class fund from Central South University (Grand Nos. 202045006 and 502390001), Hunan talent grant number 420030004, Hunan 100-talent plan and Open Project of Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures (Grant No. SV2018-KF-19).

Author information

BL carried out the study, conducted experiments, and drafted the manuscript. DZH contributed to design and funding of the experiments. PX analyzed the test results and revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Ping Xiang.

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Deng, Z., Liu, B., Ye, B. et al. Mechanical behavior and constitutive relationship of the three types of recycled coarse aggregate concrete based on standard classification. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 22, 30–45 (2020).

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  • Classification of recycled coarse aggregates
  • Recycled aggregate concrete
  • Microstructure
  • Mechanical behavior
  • Constitutive relationship