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Comparative leaching characteristics of fly/bottom ashes from municipal solid waste incineration under various environmental stresses

  • Ke YinEmail author
  • Xiaomin Dou
  • Wei-Ping ChanEmail author
  • Victor Wei-Chung Chang
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

With proper leaching tests, health hazards associated with municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ashes, i.e., incineration bottom ashes (IBA) and incineration fly ashes (IFA), can be quantitatively defined. However, it must be coupled with specific environmental scenarios to draw the proper conclusions. Several environmental stresses based on current management of MSWI ashes were herein simulated with laboratory leaching studies to understand their impacts. The impact of bulk metal recovery on the IBA leaching potential was firstly investigated, suggesting the promoted release for certain metals including those with a relative high content (> 1000 mg/kg) such as Ba, Cu, Pb and Zn. The impact of seawater was also simulated. Most metal release was altered with the new chemistry established. Batch leaching tests were further performed under both salty and acidic environment to understand their aggregated effects, indicating an overwhelming influence from seawater buffering. Lastly, batch leaching tests of the IBA/IFA mixture were performed under various mass ratios, while data were compared with those by their individuals and the theoretical leaching value, unveiling different leaching characteristics during landfill disposal. Hereby, a comprehensive characteristic metal leaching potential was achieved under various ash managements. It provides insights into environmental risks relevant to their current practices.

Keywords

IBA application Metal recovery Salty environment Mixed disposal TCLP 

Abbreviations

MSWI

Municipal solid waste incineration

IBA

Incineration bottom ashes

IFA

Incineration fly ashes

IA

Incineration ashes

TCLP

Toxicity characteristic leaching potential

WTE

Waste-to-energy

DI

Deionized

MSW

Municipal solid waste

MR

Metal recovery

ESP

Electrostatic precipitator

APC

Air pollution control

LOI

Loss on ignition

TC

Total carbon

TOC

Total organic carbon

ICP-OES

Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer

ICP-MS

Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer

IC

Ion chromatography

IBA5

IBA combination sample made of all collection in 5 months

IBA3

IBA combination sample made of all collection in 3 months (the 2–4th months)

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank National Environmental Agency, Singapore for financially supporting this work.

Supplementary material

10163_2019_915_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2316 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biology and the EnvironmentNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Residue and Resource Reclamation Centre (R3C), Nanyang Environment and Water Research InstituteNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, 23 College WalkMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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