Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 191–200 | Cite as

Generation rates and current management of municipal, construction and demolition wastes in Tehran

  • Monireh Majlessi
  • Mirzaman Zamanzadeh
  • Nadali Alavi
  • Nazak AmanidazEmail author
  • Reza Bakhshoodeh


Lack of reliable data is one of the most important constraints of solid waste management. We investigated generation rates of solid waste in Tehran and the factors affecting generation rates. Data were collected from the statistical center of Tehran Waste Management Organization (TWMO). The data analysis showed that the municipal solid waste (MSW) generation was increased from 2006 to 2012; however, because of a decline in gross domestic production (GDP) per capita, a decline of the MSW generation was observed between 2012 and 2014. The correlation coefficient between the total MSW and GDP was 0.91. Thus, the MSW generation rate in Tehran was highly correlated with the GDP per capita and the rate was predictable with a high confidence. The MSW per capita per day in Tehran was 0.96 kg and 76% of the MSW was landfilled. Construction and demolition (C&D) wastes per capita per day was 5.2 kg and 81% of them were landfilled. A low recycling rate indicated that the education programs and/or public participation for waste reduction and recycling in recent years have not been efficient and a revision should be made to the current program.


Current management Generation of MSW C&D waste Tehran 



Construction and demolition


Gross domestic production


Material flow analysis


Municipal solid waste


Non-governmental organization


Source-separated waste


Solid waste management


Tehran Waste Management Organization





This study was funded by Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran, project no. 1395-66100. We would like to appreciate the “Student Research Committee” and “Research & Technology Chancellor” in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences for the financial support of this study and TWMO for their support and collaboration in data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monireh Majlessi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mirzaman Zamanzadeh
    • 3
  • Nadali Alavi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nazak Amanidaz
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • Reza Bakhshoodeh
    • 6
  1. 1.Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research CenterShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Student Research Committee, School of Public HealthShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Environmental Health Research CenterGolestan University of Medical SciencesGolestanIran
  6. 6.Department of Water Science Engineering, School of Environmental EngineeringShahid Chamran UniversityAhvazIran

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