Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 1128–1142 | Cite as

The development of landfill operation and management in Indonesia

  • Edi MunawarEmail author
  • Y. Yunardi
  • Jakob Lederer
  • Johann Fellner


The enactment of the Waste Act in 2008 represents a milestone in Indonesian waste management legislation, particularly in relation to landfill operation and management. The act requires landfill operators to close open dumps and replace them with new landfills that must operate in an environmentally sound manner. This paper investigates current landfill operation and management practices in Indonesia, highlights shortcomings with respect to the requirements of the act, and discusses potential solutions that may improve the current practice. For this purpose, 12 municipal solid-waste landfills in major cities have been investigated. The results of this investigation indicate that all of the observed landfills operated as “controlled dumps” rather than sanitary sites as required by the act. The main reasons for these non-satisfactory landfilling practices are the insufficient financial resources for landfill operation and management, and scavenging activities at the sites. These problems could be alleviated through generating revenue from recycling materials separated at the landfill site. Formalizing waste recycling by licensing scavengers and buying out the recyclables by the landfill operator could generate essential revenues for a more environmentally friendly landfill operation and management.


MSW landfill Landfill operation and management Formalizing waste recycling Developing countries Indonesia 



The authors would like to acknowledge International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) in the form of a research grant for the project “Establishing a Landfill Training and Research Centre (ELTReC) in Indonesia”. We also thank all MSWM authorities and landfill operators for taking part in the survey conducted and allowed the direct investigation to the landfill sites.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringSyiah Kuala UniversityBanda AcehIndonesia
  2. 2.Institute for Water Quality, Resource and Waste ManagementVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  3. 3.Christian Doppler Laboratory for Anthropogenic ResourcesVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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