Mechanical and durability properties of insulation mortar with rubber powder from waste tires

  • Okpin NaEmail author
  • Yunping Xi


Fine rubber particles from scrap tires can be used as an insulation material by incorporating with Portland cement mortar. In addition to thermal properties, there are special mechanical and durability properties that are important for the insulation mortar. The addition of rubber particles has negative impact on these properties. The special properties for insulation mortar can be improved using cellulose ether, redispersible polymer powder (RPP), and wood fiber. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of these additives and the rubber powder on the properties of rubberized insulation mortar. With increasing rubber content, both flexural strength and compressive strength were reduced, but the reduction of flexural strength was not as significant as for the compressive strength. At a fixed rubber content, as the optimal amount of RPP and smaller rubber powder were used, the compressive strength of rubberized mortar satisfied the minimum requirement of the type N mortar. The drying shrinkage of the rubber mortar was about the same as the ordinary cement mortar. The permeability of the rubber mortar was low comparing with that of the ordinary cement mortar. The bond strength of the rubber mortar is low due to the reduced effective bonding surface.


Mortar Rubber particles Waste tires Mechanical property Durability properties 



The authors wish to acknowledge the partial support by the US National Science Foundation under Grant CNS-0722023 to University of Colorado at Boulder. Opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsor. The authors also wish to acknowledge the partial support by CDPHE project No. 08-00168 to the University of Colorado at Boulder.


  1. 1.
    RMA (2011) U.S Scrap Tire Management summary. Rubber Manufacturers AssociationGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eldin NN, Senouci AB (1993) Rubber-tire particles as concrete aggregate. J Mater Civ Eng 5(4):478–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Epps JA (1994) Uses of recycled rubber tires in highways. Synthesis of Highway Practice 198, Transportation Research Board. National Research Council, Washington, D.CGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Amirkhanian S (1997) Utilization of waste materials in highway industry—a literature survey. J Solid Waste Technol Manage 24(2):94–103Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Everett JW, Douglah S (1998) Scrap tire disposal (II): case study and recommendations. J Solid Waste Technol Manage 25(1):51–60Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goulias DG, Ali AH (1998) Evaluation of rubber-filled concrete and correlation between destructive and nondestructive testing results. Cem Concr Aggregates 20(1):140–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jang JW, Woo TS, Oh JH, Iwasaki I (1998) Discarded tire recycling practices in the United States, Japan, and Korea. Resour Conserv Recycl 22(1):1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khatib ZK, Bayomy FM (1999) Rubberized Portland cement concrete. J Mater Civ Eng 11(3):206–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brown KM, Cummings R, Mrozek JR, Terrebonne P (2001) Scrap tire disposal: three principles for policy choice. Nat Resour J 41(1):9–22Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Turatsinze A, Bonnet S, Granju JL (2005) Mechanical characterization of cement-based mortar incorporating rubber aggregate from recycled worn tyres. Build Environ 40:221–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Segre N, Joekes I (2000) Use of tire rubber particles as addition to cement paste. Cem Concr Res 30(9):1421–1425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Segre N, Joekes I (2004) Rubber-mortar composites: effect of composition on properties. J Mater Sci 39:3319–3327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Turatsinze A, Bonnet S, Granju JL (2007) Potential of rubber aggregates to modify properties of cement-based mortars: improvement in cracking shrinkage resistance. Constr Build Mater 21:176–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Topcu IB, Demir A (2007) Durability of rubberized mortar and concrete. ASCE J Mater Civil Eng 19(2):173–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meshgin P, Xi Y, Li Y (2012) Utilization of phase change materials and rubber particles to improve thermal and mechanical properties of mortar. Constr Build Mater 28:713–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Reddy KR (2001) Properties of different size scrap tire shreds: implications on using as drainage material in landfill cover systems. In: The 7th international conference on solid waste technology and management, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
    Benazzouk A, Douzane O, Mezreb K, Laidoudi B, Queneudec M (2008) Thermal conductivity of cement composites containing rubber waste particles: experimental study and modelling. Constr Build Mater 22:573–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Knapen E, Beeldens A, Van Gemert D, Van Rickstal F (2004) Modification of cement concrete by means of polymers in solution. In: International proceedings of 11th congress of polymers in concrete, Germany. BAM, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Uygunoğlu T, Topcu IB (2010) The role of scrap rubber particles on the drying shrinkage and mechanical properties of self consolidating mortars. Construct Build Mater 24:1141–1150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Heath AC, Roesler JR (1999) Shrinkage and thermal cracking of fast setting hydraulic cement concrete pavements in Palmdale, California. Report for CALTRANGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Piti S, Somyot W (2014) Lightweight concrete mixed with superfine crumb rubber powder part 1: insulation properties. J KMUTNB 19(3):1–10Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jeremie P, Philippe G, Bertrand R (2010) Changes in C3S hydration in presence of cellulose ethers. Cem Concr Res 40(2):179–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hyundai Engineering and ConstructionYongin-SiKorea
  2. 2.University of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations