Conversion of LDPE into transportation fuels by a two-stage process using Ni/Al-SBA-15 as catalyst
Ni/Al-SBA-15 catalysts with Si/Al atomic ratios within the 20–135 range were prepared by a post synthesis grafting procedure, having nickel contents between 6 and 11 %. The addition of Ni to the Al-SBA-15 support caused a decrease of the BET surface area and pore volume. Additionally, larger Ni particles were attained over the catalysts with higher Si/Al atomic ratios, indicating the existence of some interaction between aluminium species and nickel particles. Ni/Al-SBA-15 catalysts displayed remarkable properties for the preparation of diesel fuels in the hydroreforming of the oils obtained from the LDPE thermal cracking. On increasing the Si/Al atomic ratios of the Ni/Al-SBA-15 catalysts, higher share of light and heavy diesel were attained, the sum reaching a maximum (67.3 %) for Ni/Al-SBA-15(70). This was caused by the higher extent of oligomerization reactions on enhancing the Si/Al atomic ratio. Additionally, around 85–90 % of the starting olefins were successfully hydrogenated and the aromatic content was rather low (below 5 %), without almost any polyaromatic compound (<0.1 %).
KeywordsHydroreforming LDPE Ni/Al-SBA-15 Fuels
The authors want to thank Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project TRACE TRA2009-0111) for the financial support to this research.
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