Utilization (recycling) of iron and steel industry by-product (GGBS) in concrete: strength and durability properties



Due to exponential growing in urbanization and industrialization, byproducts from industries are becoming an increasing concern for recycling and waste management. Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) is by-product from the blast-furnaces of iron and steel industries. GGBS is very useful in the design and development of high-quality cement paste/mortar and concrete. This paper covers the properties of GGBS, reaction mechanism, and its effect on strength and durability properties of concrete. Properties covered are sorptivity, microstructure, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, permeability, sulfate resistance, freezing and thawing resistance, corrosion of concrete.


Concrete Durability properties Strength properties GGBS Sorptivity 


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© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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