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Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 101–111 | Cite as

3R strategies for the establishment of an international sound material-cycle society

  • Hideto YoshidaEmail author
  • Kazuyuki Shimamura
  • Hirofumi Aizawa
SPECIAL FEATURE: ORIGINAL ARTICLE 3R Initiatives and Circular Economy

Abstract

Focusing on the promotion of the “3Rs” – reduce, reuse, and recycle – the authors summarize the policy that Japan has evolved in waste management and recycling policy over the years. To realize an international sound material-cycle society (SMS), the 3R approaches should first be implemented in each individual country. After each country has established an SMS to the best of its ability, contribution toward reducing the environmental load internationally, especially across all of East Asia, will be achieved by having waste and recyclable resources that cannot be handled in one country effectively used or processed in other countries. The current situation of international resource circulation is described and a concept of SMS at an international level is proposed.

Key words

3R Sound material-cycle society Resource circulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideto Yoshida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kazuyuki Shimamura
    • 2
  • Hirofumi Aizawa
    • 3
  1. 1.Waste Management and Recycling DepartmentMinistry of the Environment (MOE), Government of JapanTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Policy Planning Division, Waste Management and Recycling Department of the MOEGovernment of JapanTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Recycling Promotion Office, Waste Management and Recycling Department of the MOEGovernment of JapanTokyoJapan

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