Pitch Matching Adapts Even for Bilateral Cochlear Implant Users with Relatively Small Initial Pitch Differences Across the Ears
- 72 Downloads
There is often a mismatch for bilateral cochlear implant (CI) users between the electrodes in the two ears that receive the same frequency allocation and the electrodes that, when stimulated, yield the same pitch. Studies with CI users who have extreme mismatches between the two ears show that adaptation occurs in terms of pitch matching, reducing the difference between which electrodes receive the same frequency allocation and which ones produce the same pitch. The considerable adaptation that occurs for these extreme cases suggests that adaptation should be sufficient to overcome the relatively minor mismatches seen with typical bilateral CI users. However, even those with many years of bilateral CI use continue to demonstrate a mismatch. This may indicate that adaptation only occurs when there are large mismatches. Alternatively, it may indicate that adaptation occurs regardless of the magnitude of the mismatch, but that adaptation is proportional to the magnitude of the mismatch, and thus never fully counters the original mismatch. To investigate this, six bilateral CI users with initial pitch-matching mismatches of less than 3 mm completed a pitch-matching task near the time of activation, 6 months after activation, and 1 year after activation. Despite relatively small initial mismatches, the results indicated that adaptation still occurred.
Keywordsbilateral cochlear implants pitch matching adaptation post-activation
We thank our participants for their time.
This work was supported by NIH/NIDCD grant R03-DC013380.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The procedures were approved by the institutional review board for the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and all participants gave informed consent prior to participation.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Firszt JB, Koch DB, Downing M, Litvak L (2007) Current steering creates additional pitch percepts in adult cochlear implant recipients. Otol Neurotol 28:629–636. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mao.0000281803.36574.bc CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Svirsky MA, Fitzgerald MB, Sagi E, Glassman EK (2015) Bilateral cochlear implants with large asymmetries in electrode insertion depth: implications for the study of auditory plasticity. Acta Otolaryngol 135:354–363. https://doi.org/10.3109/00016489.2014.1002052 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar