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Factors Affecting Speech Reception in Background Noise with a Vocoder Implementation of the FAST Algorithm

  • Shaikat Hossain
  • Raymond L. Goldsworthy
Research Article

Abstract

Speech segregation in background noise remains a difficult task for individuals with hearing loss. Several signal processing strategies have been developed to improve the efficacy of hearing assistive technologies in complex listening environments. The present study measured speech reception thresholds in normal-hearing listeners attending to a vocoder based on the Fundamental Asynchronous Stimulus Timing algorithm (FAST: Smith et al. 2014), which triggers pulses based on the amplitudes of channel magnitudes in order to preserve envelope timing cues, with two different reconstruction bandwidths (narrowband and broadband) to control the degree of spectrotemporal resolution. Five types of background noise were used including same male talker, female talker, time-reversed male talker, time-reversed female talker, and speech-shaped noise to probe the contributions of different types of speech segregation cues and to elucidate how degradation affects speech reception across these conditions. Maskers were spatialized using head-related transfer functions in order to create co-located and spatially separated conditions. Results indicate that benefits arising from voicing and spatial cues can be preserved using the FAST algorithm but are reduced with a reduction in spectral resolution.

Keywords

speech comprehension vocoder cocktail party cochlear implants FAST 

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Copyright information

© Association for Research in Otolaryngology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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