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Invertebrate Neuroscience

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 9–19 | Cite as

Neurobiology of plant parasitic nematodes

  • Lindy Holden-Dye
  • R. J. Walker
Review

Abstract

The regulatory constraints imposed on use of chemical control agents in agriculture are rendering crops increasingly vulnerable to plant parasitic nematodes. Thus, it is important that new control strategies which meet requirements for low toxicity to non-target species, vertebrates and the environment are pursued. This would be greatly facilitated by an improved understanding of the physiology and pharmacology of these nematodes, but to date, these microscopic species of the Phylum Nematoda have attracted little attention in this regard. In this review, the current information available for neurotransmitters and neuromodulator in the plant parasitic nematodes is discussed in the context of the more extensive literature for other species in the phylum, most notably Caenorhabditis elegans and Ascaris suum. Areas of commonality and distinctiveness in terms of neurotransmitter profile and function between these species are highlighted with a view to improving understanding of to what extent, and with what level of confidence, this information may be extrapolated to the plant parasitic nematodes.

Keywords

Neurotransmitter Receptor Nematode Behaviour Host recognition Plant parasitic Chemical control 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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