Aliskiren-associated acute kidney injury in a patient with pre-existing chronic kidney disease and dilated cardiomyopathy
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We report a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by a novel direct renin inhibitor, aliskiren. A 43-year-old Japanese man with dilated cardiomyopathy on cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator and chronic kidney disease (CKD) was started on aliskiren in addition to enalapril, carvedilol, furosemide, and spironolactone for worsening cardiac function suggested by the elevation of serum brain natriuretic peptide. After 1 month, he noticed general malaise, loss of appetite and his serum creatinine level increased from 2.0 to 7.24 mg/dL. He had no evidence of exacerbation of hemodynamic instability (heart failure or hypotension) or post-renal cause of AKI. Although a cessation of aliskiren did not ameliorate AKI, renal function returned to baseline after withholding enalapril. Careful monitoring is necessary when aliskiren is used in patients with CKD and/or significant systolic dysfunction since it can cause normotensive ischemic AKI, especially when there is a concomitant use of other renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors.
KeywordsAliskiren Normotensive ischemic acute kidney injury Dilated cardiomyopathy Chronic kidney disease
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