Age, gender, and body length effects on reference serum creatinine levels determined by an enzymatic method in Japanese children: a multicenter study
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Enzymatic methods have recently been used to measure creatinine (Cr) instead of the Jaffe method. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the reference serum Cr value for these enzymatic methods to evaluate renal function in Japanese children.
To determine reference values of serum Cr in Japanese children, 1151 children (517 male, 634 female) aged between 1 month and 18 years had their serum Cr values measured by an enzymatic method. To be included in the study the children had to be without kidney disease, urogenital disease, infectious disease, inflammatory disease, dehydration, muscular disease, anomaly syndrome, cardiovascular disease, malignant disease, hypertension, liver or pancreas disease, or pregnancy.
The medians of reference values increased gradually with age, i.e., 0.30 mg/dl at 4 years old and 0.41 mg/dl at 10 years old. In adolescence, they increased significantly more rapidly in males than in females. We found a linear regression equation capable of estimating the reference value of serum Cr in children aged 2–11 years, and quintic regression equations capable of estimating the reference values of serum Cr in male and female children of all ages.
The reference serum Cr levels determined by an enzymatic method related to age, gender, and body length, and our linear and polynomial equations showing the relationship between body length and serum Cr level will be applicable for screening of renal function in Asian as well as Japanese children.
KeywordsReference serum creatinine level Japanese children Enzymatic method Body length eGFR
This study was financially supported by the Kidney Foundation, Japan. We thank Midori Awazu, MD, Takashi Sekine, MD, Mayumi Sako, MD, Takuji Yamada, MD, Yuko Akioka, MD, and Hirotsugu Kitayama, MD, of the Committee of Measures for Pediatric CKD, for their contributions to the improvement of this manuscript.
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