Clinical and Experimental Nephrology

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 457–462 | Cite as

Factors influencing cardiovascular risk following termination of glucocorticoid therapy for nephrotic syndrome

  • Akio Nakamura
  • Ryo Niimi
  • Kumiko Kurosaki
  • Yukishige Yanagawa
Original Article

Abstract

Background

This study attempted to identify the cardiovascular risk factors associated with retention of excess weight following termination of glucocorticoid therapy in children with nephrotic syndrome.

Methods

We performed a retrospective study of 30 Japanese children (18 males, 12 females, aged 1–14 years) who had been treated with glucocorticoids for steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome and 32 control children (17 males, 15 females, aged 1–15 years). The subjects receiving glucocorticoid therapy were divided into a retention group (n = 14) or a reduction group (n = 16) on the basis of the presence or absence of a maintained body mass index (BMI) following glucocorticoid termination. BMI z-scores, age, gender, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol levels (T-cho), and the dose and duration of glucocorticoid exposure were evaluated in each group during the study period.

Results

The retention group had a significantly (P < 0.05) increased dose and duration of glucocorticoid exposure, and of T-cho at the time of last visit compared with the control or reduction group. Moreover, logistic regression analysis showed that the adjusted odds ratio for T-cho at the time of last visit in the retention group was significantly higher (P < 0.05) relative to the reduction group.

Conclusion

Retention of excess weight during the period of remission from nephrotic syndrome following cessation of glucocorticoid therapy was related to the dose and duration of glucocorticoid exposure and was associated with hyperlipidemia, which might enhance cardiovascular risk.

Keywords

Clinical nephrology Cortisol Lipids Nephrotic syndrome Obesity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful for support from the Mitsui Life Social Welfare Foundation and Mitsukoshi Welfare Foundation. We thank Dr. Kouhei Uemura in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, for assistance with statistical analysis. We also thank Prof. E. J. Johns, Department of Physiology, University of Cork, Ireland, for critical review of the manuscript and suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Nephrology 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akio Nakamura
    • 1
  • Ryo Niimi
    • 1
  • Kumiko Kurosaki
    • 1
  • Yukishige Yanagawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PaediatricsTeikyo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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