Helgoland Marine Research

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 37–43 | Cite as

Predation on barnacles of intertidal and subtidal mussel beds in the Wadden Sea

  • Christian Buschbaum
Original Article


Balanids are the numerically dominant epibionts on mussel beds in the Wadden Sea. Near the island of Sylt (German Bight, North Sea), Semibalanus balanoides dominated intertidally and Balanus crenatus subtidally. Field experiments were conducted to test the effects of predation on the density of barnacle recruits. Subtidally, predator exclusion resulted in significantly increased abundances of B. crenatus, while predator exclusion had no significant effects on the density of S. balanoides intertidally. It is suggested that recruitment of B. crenatus to subtidal mussel beds is strongly affected by adult shore crabs (Carcinus maenas) and juvenile starfish (Asterias rubens), whereas recruits of S. balanoides in the intertidal zone are mainly influenced by grazing and bulldozing of the very abundant periwinkle Littorina littorea, which is rare subtidally. Thus, not only do the barnacle species differ between intertidal and subtidal mussel beds, but the biotic control factors do so as well.

Barnacles Predation Tidal zonation Grazing and bulldozing 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag and AWI 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Buschbaum
    • 1
  1. 1.Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Wattenmeerstation Sylt, 25992 List, GermanyGermany

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