Transperineal abdominoperineal resection synchronously assisted by laparoscopic approach for low rectal cancer directly invading the posterior wall of the vagina

  • D. KojimaEmail author
  • S. Hasegawa
  • A. Komono
  • R. Sakamoto
  • Y. Matsumoto
  • I. Takeshita
  • Y. Yoshida
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Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained for the surgical procedure prior to their participation.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 353566 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterological SurgeryFukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka University HospitalFukuokaJapan

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